set

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See also: Set, sét, sèt, sēt, and sệt

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

set (third-person singular simple present sets, present participle setting, simple past set, past participle set or (dialectal) setten)

  1. (transitive) To put (something) down, to rest.
    Set the tray there.
  2. (transitive) To attach or affix (something) to something else, or in or upon a certain place.
    I have set my heart on running the marathon.
    • Bible, Genesis iv. 15
      The Lord set a mark upon Cain.
  3. (transitive) To put in a specified condition or state; to cause to be.
    • Bible, Deuteronomy xxviii. 1
      The Lord thy God will set thee on high.
    • Bible, Matthew x. 35
      I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother.
    • Coleridge
      Every incident sets him thinking.
  4. (transitive, dated) To cause to stop or stick; to obstruct; to fasten to a spot.
    to set a coach in the mud
  5. (transitive) To determine or settle.
    to set the rent
  6. (transitive) To adjust.
    I set the alarm at 6 a.m.
  7. (transitive) To punch (a nail) into wood so that its head is below the surface.
  8. (transitive) To arrange with dishes and cutlery.
    Please set the table for our guests.
  9. (transitive) To introduce or describe.
    I’ll tell you what happened, but first let me set the scene.
  10. (transitive) To locate (a play, etc.); to assign a backdrop to.
    He says he will set his next film in France.
  11. (transitive) To compile, to make (a puzzle or challenge).
    This crossword was set by Araucaria.
  12. (transitive) To prepare (a stage or film set).
  13. (transitive) To fit (someone) up in a situation.
  14. (transitive) To arrange (type).
    It was a complex page, but he set it quickly.
  15. (transitive) To devise and assign (work) to.
    • 2013 July 19, Peter Wilby, “Finland spreads word on schools”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 30: 
      Imagine a country where children do nothing but play until they start compulsory schooling at age seven. Then, without exception, they attend comprehensives until the age of 16. Charging school fees is illegal, and so is sorting pupils into ability groups by streaming or setting.
    The teacher set her students the task of drawing a foot.
  16. (transitive, volleyball) To direct (the ball) to a teammate for an attack.
  17. (intransitive) To solidify.
    The glue sets in four minutes.
  18. (transitive) To render stiff or solid; especially, to convert into curd; to curdle.
    to set milk for cheese
  19. (intransitive) Of a heavenly body, to disappear below the horizon of a planet, etc, as the latter rotates.
    The moon sets at eight o'clock tonight.
  20. (transitive, bridge) To defeat a contract.
  21. (obsolete, now followed by "out", as in set out) To begin to move; to go forth.
  22. (intransitive, of fruit) To be fixed for growth; to strike root; to begin to germinate or form.
    • 1906, Canada. Dept. of Agriculture. Fruit Branch, Fruit crop report
      In the Annapolis Valley, in spite of an irregular bloom, the fruit has set well and has, as yet, been little affected by scab.
  23. (intransitive, Southern US, Midwestern US, dialects) To sit (be in a seated position).
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Old Applegate, in the stern, just set and looked at me, and Lord James, amidship, waved both arms and kept hollering for help. I took a couple of everlasting big strokes and managed to grab hold of the skiff's rail, close to the stern.
    He sets in that chair all day.
  24. To hunt game with the aid of a setter.
  25. (hunting, transitive, intransitive) Of a dog, to indicate the position of game.
    The dog sets the bird.
    Your dog sets well.
  26. (obsolete) To apply oneself; to undertake earnestly; to set out.
    • Hammond
      If he sets industriously and sincerely to perform the commands of Christ, he can have no ground of doubting but it shall prove successful to him.
  27. (transitive, intransitive) To fit music to words.
    • Dryden
      Set thy own songs, and sing them to thy lute.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  28. (transitive, intransitive) To place plants or shoots in the ground; to plant.
    to set pear trees in an orchard
    • Old proverb
      Sow dry, and set wet.
  29. To become fixed or rigid; to be fastened.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
  30. To have a certain direction of motion; to flow; to move on; to tend.
    The current sets to the north; the tide sets to the windward.
  31. To place or fix in a setting.
    to set a precious stone in a border of metal
    to set glass in a sash
    • Dryden
      And him too rich a jewel to be set / In vulgar metal for a vulgar use.
  32. To put in order in a particular manner; to prepare.
    to set (that is, to hone) a razor
    to set a saw
  33. To extend and bring into position; to spread.
    to set the sails of a ship
  34. To give a pitch to, as a tune; to start by fixing the keynote.
    to set a psalm
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fielding to this entry?)
  35. To reduce from a dislocated or fractured state.
    to set a broken bone
  36. (masonry) To lower into place and fix solidly, as the blocks of cut stone in a structure.
  37. (obsolete) To wager in gambling; to risk.
    • Shakespeare
      I have set my life upon a cast, / And I will stand the hazard of the die.
  38. To adorn with something infixed or affixed; to stud; to variegate with objects placed here and there.
    • Dryden
      High on their heads, with jewels richly set, / Each lady wore a radiant coronet.
    • Wordsworth
      pastoral dales thin set with modern farms
  39. (obsolete) To value; to rate; used with at.
    • Shakespeare
      Be you contented, wearing now the garland, / To have a son set your decrees at naught.
    • Shakespeare
      I do not set my life at a pin's fee.
  40. To establish as a rule; to furnish; to prescribe; to assign.
    to set a good example; to set lessons to be learned
  41. (Scotland) To suit; to become.
    It sets him ill.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

set (plural sets)

  1. A punch for setting nails in wood.
    nail set
  2. A device for receiving broadcast radio waves; a radio or television.
    television set
  3. A sett; a hole made and lived in by a badger.
  4. (horticulture) A small tuber or bulb used instead of seed, particularly onion sets and potato sets.
  5. The amount the teeth of a saw protrude to the side in order to create the kerf.
  6. (obsolete, rare) That which is staked; a wager; hence, a gambling game.
    • Shakespeare
      We will in France, by God's grace, play a set / Shall strike his father's crown into the hazard.
    • Dryden
      That was but civil war, an equal set.
  7. (engineering) Permanent change of shape caused by excessive strain, as from compression, tension, bending, twisting, etc.
    the set of a spring
  8. (piledriving) A piece placed temporarily upon the head of a pile when the latter cannot otherwise be reached by the weight, or hammer.
  9. (printing, dated) The width of the body of a type.
  10. A young oyster when first attached.
  11. Collectively, the crop of young oysters in any locality.
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Adjective[edit]

set (comparative more set, superlative most set)

  1. Fixed in position.
    • 2013 July 19, Ian Sample, “Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 34: 
      Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits.  ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.
  2. Rigid, solidified.
  3. Ready, prepared.
    on your marks, get set, go!on your marks, set, go!
  4. Intent, determined (to do something).
    set on getting to his destination
  5. Prearranged.
    a set menu
  6. Fixed in one’s opinion.
    I’m set against the idea of smacking children to punish them.
  7. (of hair) Fixed in a certain style.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English set, sete, sette (that which is set, the act of setting, seat), from Old English set (setting, seat, a place where people remain, habitation, camp, entrenchment, a place where animals are kept, stall, fold) and Old English seten (a set, shoot, slip, branch; a nursery, plantation; that which is planted or set; a cultivated place; planting, cultivation; a setting, putting; a stopping; occupied land), related to Old English settan (to set). Compare Middle Low German gesette (a set, suite), Old English gesetl (assembly). According to Skeat, in senses denoting a group of things or persons, representing an alteration of sept, from Old French sette (a religious sect), from Medieval Latin secta (retinue), from Latin secta (a faction). See sect.

Noun[edit]

set (plural sets)

  1. A young plant fit for setting out; a slip; shoot.
  2. A rudimentary fruit.
  3. The setting of the sun or other luminary; (by extension) the close of the day.
    • Tennyson
      the set of day
    • Shakespeare
      The weary sun hath made a golden set.
  4. (literally and figuratively) General movement; direction; drift; tendency.
    Here and there, amongst individuals alive to the particular evils of the age, and watching the very set of the current, there may have been even a more systematic counteraction applied to the mischief. — Thomas De Quincey.
  5. A matching collection of similar things.
    a set of tables
  6. A collection of various objects for a particular purpose.
    a set of tools
  7. An object made up of several parts.
    a set of steps
  8. (set theory) A collection of zero or more objects, possibly infinite in size, and disregarding any order or repetition of the objects which may be contained within it.
  9. (in plural, “sets”, mathematics, informal) Set theory.
  10. A group of people, usually meeting socially.
    the country set
  11. The scenery for a film or play.
  12. (dance) The initial or basic formation of dancers.
  13. (exercise (sport)) A group of repetitions of a single exercise performed one after the other without rest.
    • 1974, Charles Gaines & George Butler, Pumping Iron: The Art and Sport of Bodybuilding, page 22.
      This is the fourth set of benchpresses.
  14. (tennis) A complete series of games, forming part of a match.
  15. (volleyball) A complete series of points, forming part of a match.
  16. (volleyball) The act of directing the ball to a teammate for an attack.
  17. (music) A musical performance by a band, disc jockey, etc., consisting of several musical pieces.
  18. (music) A drum kit, a drum set.
    He plays the set on Saturdays.
  19. (UK, education) A class group in a subject where pupils are divided by ability.
    • 2012 April 26, “Themes: Pupil grouping and organisation of classes”, Department for Education:
      Looking at pupil attainment, the study found that students with the same Key Stage 3 scores could have their GCSE grade raised or lowered by up to half a grade as a result of being placed in a higher or lower set.
  20. (poker, slang) Three of a kind in poker. In community card games, the term is usually reserved for a situation in which a pair in a player's hand is matched by a single card on the board. Compare with trips.[1]
Synonyms[edit]
Hypernyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

set (third-person singular simple present sets, present participle setting, simple past and past participle setted)

  1. (UK, education) To divide a class group in a subject according to ability
    • 2008, Patricia Murphy, ‎Robert McCormick, Knowledge and Practice: Representations and Identities
      In setted classes, students are brought together because they are believed to be of similar 'ability'. Yet, setted lessons are often conducted as though students are not only similar, but identical—in terms of ability, preferred learning style and pace of working.
    • 2002, Jo Boaler, Experiencing School Mathematics: Traditional and Reform Approaches and Their Impact on Student Learning
      At Amber Hill, setting was a high-profile concept, and the students were frequently reminded of the set to which they belonged.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weisenberg, Michael (2000) The Official Dictionary of Poker. MGI/Mike Caro University. ISBN 978-1880069523

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

set (??? please provide the plural!)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter Z/z.

Catalan[edit]

Catalan cardinal numbers
6 7 8
    Cardinal : set
    Ordinal : setè
    Multiplier : sèptuple
Catalan Wikipedia article on set

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal, from Latin septem (seven).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

set

  1. (cardinal) seven

Noun[edit]

set m (plural sets)

  1. seven

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

set

  1. sofa, couch, settee

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English set.

Noun[edit]

set m

  1. (tennis, volleyball) set (part of a match in sports like tennis and volleyball)
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

set

  1. genitive plural of sto

Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

set

  1. past participle of se

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

set m (plural sets)

  1. (tennis) set

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English

Noun[edit]

set m (invariable)

  1. set (group of things, maths, tennis, cinema etc)

Anagrams[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Ladin cardinal numbers
6 7 8
    Cardinal : set
    Ordinal : setim

Etymology[edit]

From Latin septem.

Adjective[edit]

set

  1. seven

Noun[edit]

set m (uncountable)

  1. seven

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

set

  1. Alternative form of sed.

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

set

  1. rafsi of senta.

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Mauritian Creole cardinal numbers
6 7 8
    Cardinal : set
    Ordinal : setiem

Etymology[edit]

From French sept.

Numeral[edit]

set

  1. (cardinal) seven

Michif[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French sept.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

set

  1. seven

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

set

  1. present tense of setja, setje, setta and sette
  2. imperative of setja and setje

Novial[edit]

Novial cardinal numbers
6 7 8
    Cardinal : set
    Ordinal : setesmi

Numeral[edit]

set

  1. (cardinal) seven



Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare the verb settan. Compare Old Norse sæti (whence modern English seat), Old High German gesazi (German Gesäß), Middle Dutch gesaete, from Proto-Germanic *sētiją.

Noun[edit]

set n

  1. seat

Related terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin septem.

Numeral[edit]

set

  1. seven
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

see savoir

Verb[edit]

set

  1. third-person singular present indicative of savoir
Descendants[edit]

Polish[edit]

Noun[edit]

set m

  1. (sports) A complete series of games in tennis, badminton, or volleyball.

Declension[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

set m (plural sets)

  1. (tennis, volleyball) set (subdivision of a match)

Romansch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin septem, from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥.

Number[edit]

set

  1. (cardinal, Rumantsch Grischun, Surmiran, Puter, Vallader) seven
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin sitis, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰgʷʰítis (perishing, decrease).

Noun[edit]

set f

  1. (Sutsilvan) thirst
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader) said
  • (Sursilvan) seit
  • (Surmiran) seid

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

set n

  1. a set (matching collection of items)
  2. a set (in tennis)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Walloon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin septem, from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥.

Numeral[edit]

set

  1. seven

Welsh[edit]

Verb[edit]

set

  1. Contraction of baset.