start

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See also: Start and START

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English stert, from the verb sterten (to start, startle). See below.

Noun[edit]

start (plural starts)

  1. The beginning of an activity.
    The movie was entertaining from start to finish.
    • Shakespeare
      I see you stand like greyhounds in the slips, / Straining upon the start.
  2. A sudden involuntary movement.
    He woke with a start.
    • L'Estrange
      Nature does nothing by starts and leaps, or in a hurry.
  3. The beginning point of a race, a board game, etc.
  4. An appearance in a sports game from the beginning of the match.
    Jones has been a substitute before, but made his first start for the team last Sunday.
    • 2011 February 12, Ian Hughes, “Arsenal 2 - 0 Wolverhampton\”, BBC:
      Wilshere, who made his first start for England in the midweek friendly win over Denmark, raced into the penalty area and chose to cross rather than shoot - one of the very few poor selections he made in the match.
  5. A young plant germinated in a pot to be transplanted later.
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English sterten (to leap up suddenly, rush out), from Old English styrtan (to leap up, start), from Proto-Germanic *sturtijaną (to startle, move, set in motion), causative of *stirtaną (to leap, tumble), from Proto-Indo-European *stere-, *strē- (to be strong, steady, rigid, fixed). Cognate with Old Frisian stirta (to fall down, tumble), Middle Dutch sterten (to rush, fall, collapse) (Dutch storten), Old High German sturzen (to hurl, plunge, turn upside down) (German stürzen), Old High German sterzan (to be stiff, protrude). More at stare.

Verb[edit]

start (third-person singular simple present starts, present participle starting, simple past and past participle started)

  1. (transitive) To begin, commence, initiate.
    1. To set in motion.
      to start a stream of water;   to start a rumour;   to start a business
      • Joseph Addison (1672-1719)
        I was engaged in conversation upon a subject which the people love to start in discourse.
      • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 22, The Mirror and the Lamp:
        In the autumn there was a row at some cement works about the unskilled labour men. A union had just been started for them and all but a few joined. One of these blacklegs was laid for by a picket and knocked out of time.
    2. To begin.
      • 2013 July 19, Peter Wilby, “Finland spreads word on schools”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 30: 
        Imagine a country where children do nothing but play until they start compulsory schooling at age seven. Then, without exception, they attend comprehensives until the age of 16. Charging school fees is illegal, and so is sorting pupils into ability groups by streaming or setting.
    3. ​To initiate operation of a vehicle or machine.
    4. To put or raise (a question, an objection); to put forward (a subject for discussion).
    5. To bring onto being or into view; to originate; to invent.
      • Sir William Temple (1628–1699)
        Sensual men agree in the pursuit of every pleasure they can start.
  2. (intransitive) To begin an activity.
    The rain started at 9:00.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Thinks I to myself, “Sol, you're run off your course again. This is a rich man's summer ‘cottage’  [] .” So I started to back away again into the bushes. But I hadn't backed more'n a couple of yards when I see something so amazing that I couldn't help scooching down behind the bayberries and looking at it.
  3. To startle or be startled; to move or be moved suddenly.
    1. (intransitive) To jerk suddenly in surprise.
      • William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
        But if he start, / It is the flesh of a corrupted heart.
      • John Dryden (1631-1700)
        I start as from some dreadful dream.
      • Isaac Watts (1674-1748)
        Keep your soul to the work when ready to start aside.
    2. (transitive) To move suddenly from its place or position; to displace or loosen; to dislocate.
      to start a bone;   the storm started the bolts in the vessel
      • Wiseman
        One, by a fall in wrestling, started the end of the clavicle from the sternum.
    3. (intransitive) To awaken suddenly.
      • (Can we date this quote?) Mary Shelley
        I started from my sleep with horror []
    4. To disturb and cause to move suddenly; to startle; to alarm; to rouse; to cause to flee or fly.
      The hounds started a fox.
  4. (intransitive) To break away, to come loose.
    • 1749, John Cleland, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure (Penguin 1985 reprint), page 66:
      we could, with the greatest ease as well as clearness, see all objects (ourselves unseen) only by applying our eyes close to the crevice, where the moulding of a panel had warped or started a little on the other side.
  5. (nautical) To pour out; to empty; to tap and begin drawing from.
    to start a water cask
Usage notes[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

start (plural starts)

  1. A tail, or anything projecting like a tail.
  2. A handle, especially that of a plough.
  3. The curved or inclined front and bottom of a water wheel bucket.
  4. The arm, or level, of a gin, drawn around by a horse.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

Anagrams[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

start

  1. start

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

start m

  1. start (beginning point of a race)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

start c (singular definite starten, plural indefinite starter)

  1. start

Inflection[edit]

Verb[edit]

start

  1. Imperative of starte.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

start m (plural starts, diminutive startje n)

  1. start

Verb[edit]

start

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of starten
  2. imperative of starten

German[edit]

Verb[edit]

start

  1. Imperative singular of starten.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English start

Noun[edit]

start m (definite singular starten, indefinite plural starter, definite plural startene)

  1. a start
    fra start til mål - from start to finish

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

start

  1. imperative of starte

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English start

Noun[edit]

start m (definite singular starten, indefinite plural startar, definite plural startane)

  1. a start

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

start m

  1. (sports) start (the beginning of a race)
  2. (aviation) takeoff
    Z niecierpliwością czekałam na start samolotu do Paryża.
    I was impatiently waiting for the plane to Paris to take off. (=for its take-off)
  3. participation
    Większość kibiców ucieszyła się, że zdecydował się on na start w zawodach.
    Most fans were happy to hear that he had decided to take part in the competition.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

start c

  1. a start; a beginning (of a race)
  2. the starting (of an engine)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English start.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [staɾt]
  • Hyphenation: start

Noun[edit]

start (definite accusative startı, plural startlar)

  1. start

Antonyms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

As Turks are generally not easily spelling consonants at the beginning of a syllable, this word may often be spelled as IPA(key): [sɯtaɾt].