rouse

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Anglo-Norman reuser, ruser, originally used in English of hawks shaking the feathers of the body. Figurative meaning "to stir up, provoke to activity" is from 1580s; that of "awaken" is first recorded 1590s.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rouse (plural rouses)

  1. an arousal
  2. (military, UK and Canada) The sounding of a bugle in the morning after reveille, to signal that soldiers are to rise from bed, often the rouse.

Verb[edit]

rouse (third-person singular simple present rouses, present participle rousing, simple past and past participle roused)

  1. to wake or be awoken from sleep, or from apathy.
    to rouse the faculties, passions, or emotions
    • Atterbury
      to rouse up a people, the most phlegmatic of any in Christendom
    • Shakespeare
      Night's black agents to their preys do rouse.
    • Alexander Pope
      Morpheus rouses from his bed.
  2. ​ To provoke (someone) to anger or action.
    • Milton
      Blustering winds, which all night long / Had roused the sea.
  3. To cause to start from a covert or lurking place.
    to rouse a deer or other animal of the chase
    • Spenser
      Like wild boars late roused out of the brakes.
    • Alexander Pope
      Rouse the fleet hart, and cheer the opening hound.
  4. (nautical) To pull by main strength; to haul
  5. (obsolete) To raise; to make erect.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

[Late 16th Century] From carouse, from the phrase "drink carouse" being wrongly analyzed as "drink a rouse".

Noun[edit]

rouse (plural rouses)

  1. an official ceremony over drinks
    And the King's rouse the heaven shall bruit again,
    Re-speaking earthly thunder. - "Hamlet" by William Shakespeare, act 1 scene 2 lines 127-128
  2. A carousal; a festival; a drinking frolic.
    • Tennyson
      Fill the cup, and fill the can, / Have a rouse before the morn.
  3. wine or other liquor considered an inducement to mirth or drunkenness; a full glass; a bumper.

Anagrams[edit]