wine

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English[edit]

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A glass of red wine

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English win, from Old English wīn, from Proto-Germanic *wīną (compare Dutch wijn, German Wein, Icelandic vín), from Latin vīnum, from Proto-Indo-European *wóih₁nom (compare Hittite wiyan [Cuneiform?], Armenian գինի (gini), Albanian verë, Ancient Greek οἶνος (oinos), neuter of *wih₁ḗn 'grapevine' (compare Ancient Greek wiḗn), from *weih- 'to plait, wattle' (compare Norwegian vegg (wall), Latin vieō (to bind, interweave), Serbo-Croatian vȉjem (I twist, wind), Sanskrit [script?] (vájati, he weaves).[1][2]

Noun[edit]

wine (countable and uncountable, plural wines)

  1. An alcoholic beverage made by fermenting juice of grapes.
    Wine is stronger than beer.
    She ordered some wine for the meal.
  2. An alcoholic beverage made by fermenting juice of fruits or vegetables other than grapes, usually preceded by the type of the fruit or vegetable; for example, "dandelion wine".
  3. (countable) A serving of wine.
    I'd like three beers and two wines, please.
  4. (uncountable) A dark purplish red colour; the colour of red wine.
    wine colour:    
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

wine (third-person singular simple present wines, present participle wining, simple past and past participle wined)

  1. (transitive) To entertain with wine.
    • 1919, Lee Meriwether, The War Diary of a Diplomat, Dodd, Mead and Company, page 159:
      Neither Major Wadhams nor I is accustomed to being wined and dined by perfect strangers who do not even present themselves, but leave servants to do the honors, consequently to both of us our present situation smacks of romance and adventure;
  2. (intransitive) To drink wine.
    • 1839, Thomas Chandler Haliburton, The Clockmaker
      I rushed into my cabin, coffeed, wined, and went to bed sobbing.
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages, s.v. “vīnum” (Leiden: Brill, 2008), 680.
  2. ^ J.P. Mallory and D.Q. Adams, Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, s.v. “wine” (London: Fritzroy Dearborn, 1997), 644.

See also[edit]

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Etymology 2[edit]

This definition is lacking an etymology or has an incomplete etymology. You can help Wiktionary by giving it a proper etymology.

Noun[edit]

wine (uncountable)

  1. (nonstandard, UK) wind
    • 1850, James Orchard Halliwell, A Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial Words, Obsolete Phrases, Proverbs, and Ancient Customs, from the Fourteenth Century:
      Vor voices rawze upon tha wine
    • 1869, James Jennings, The Dialect of the West of England, particularly Somersetshire:
      Aw how sholl I tell o’m—vor âll pirty maidens
      When I pass’d ’em look’d back—ther smill rawze on tha wine.

Middle High German[edit]

Noun[edit]

wine m

  1. friend

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *winiz, from Proto-Indo-European *wen- (love, desire), *wenə-. Cognate with Old Frisian wine, Old Saxon wini, Old High German wini, Old Norse vinr (Danish ven, Swedish vän, Norwegian ven/venn). Related to Old English wynn, wenian. The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin venus, Proto-Celtic *wenja- (Old Irish fine, Breton gwenn, Welsh gwen).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wine m

  1. (poetic) friend, lord, protector
    wine werigmod, wætre beflowen on dreorsele: sad-hearted friend, surrounded by water in his lonely hall. (The Wife’s Lament)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: wine