color

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English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle English colo(u)r, from Anglo-Norman colur, from Old French colour, color, from Latin color, from Old Latin colos "covering", from Proto-Indo-European *kel- (to cover, conceal). Akin to Latin cēlō (I hide, conceal). Displaced Middle English blee (color), from Old English blēo. More at blee.

In the US, the spelling color is used to match the spelling of the word's Latin etymon, and to make all derivatives consistent (colorimeter, colorize, colorless, etc). Elsewhere in the English-speaking world, the spelling colour has been retained.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

color (countable and uncountable, plural colors) (American)

  1. (uncountable) The spectral composition of visible light
    Humans and birds can perceive color.
  2. (countable) A particular set of visible spectral compositions, perceived or named as a class.
    Most languages have names for the colors black, white, red, and green.
  3. (uncountable) Hue as opposed to achromatic colors (black, white and grays).
    He referred to the white flag as one "drained of all color".
  4. (uncountable) Human skin tone, especially as an indicator of race or ethnicity.
    Color has been a sensitive issue in many societies.
  5. (figuratively) Interest, especially in a selective area.
    a bit of local color
  6. (heraldry) Any of the standard dark tinctures used in a coat of arms, including azure, gules, sable, and vert. Contrast with metal.
  7. (in the plural) A standard or banner.
    The loss of their colors destroyed the regiment's morale.
  8. The system of color television.
    This film is broadcast in color.
  9. (in the plural) An award for sporting achievement, particularly within a school or university.
    He was awarded colors for his football.
  10. In corporate finance, details on sales, profit margins, or other financial figures, especially while reviewing quarterly results when an officer of a company is speaking to investment analysts.
    Could you give me some color with regards to which products made up the mix of revenue for this quarter?
  11. (physics) A property of quarks, with three values called red, green, and blue, which they can exchange by passing gluons.
  12. (typography) The relative lightness or darkness of a mass of written or printed text on a page.
  13. (snooker) Any of the colored balls excluding the reds.
  14. A front or facade: an ostensible truth actually false.
  15. An appearance of right or authority.
    Under color of law, he managed to bilk taxpayers of millions of dollars.
  16. (medicine) Skin color noted as: normal, jaundice, cyanotic, flush, mottled, pale, or ashen as part of the skin signs assessment.

Usage notes[edit]

The late Anglo-Norman colour, which is the standard UK spelling, has been the usual spelling in Britain since the 14th century and was chosen by Dr. Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language (1755) along with other Anglo-Norman spellings such as favour, honour, etc. The Latin spelling color was occasionally used from the 15th century onward, mainly due to Latin influence; it was lemmatized by Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language (1828), along with favor, honor, etc., and is currently the standard US spelling.

In Canada, colour is preferred, but color is not unknown; in Australia, -our endings are the standard, although -or endings had some currency in the past and are still sporadically found in some regions.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Adjective[edit]

color (not comparable) (US)

  1. Conveying color, as opposed to shades of gray.
    Color television and movies were considered a great improvement over black and white.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

color (third-person singular simple present colors, present participle coloring, simple past and past participle colored) (US)

  1. To give something color.
    We could color the walls red.
  2. (intransitive) To apply colors to the areas within the boundaries of a line drawing using colored markers or crayons.
    My kindergartener loves to color.
  3. (of a face) To become red through increased blood flow.
    Her face colored as she realised her mistake.
  4. To affect without completely changing.
    That interpretation certainly colors my perception of the book.
  5. (informal) To attribute a quality to.
    Colour me confused.
  6. (mathematics) To assign colors to the vertices of (a graph) or the regions of (a map) so that no two adjacent ones have the same color.
    Can this graph be two-colored?
    You can color any map with four colors.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

color m (plural colores)

  1. color, colour

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin color.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

color m (plural colors)

  1. color, colour

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

color m (invariable)

  1. apocopic form of colore

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

color m (genitive colōris); third declension

  1. color, (UK) colour; shade
  2. pigment
  3. complexion
  4. outward appearance

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative color colōrēs
genitive colōris colōrum
dative colōrī colōribus
accusative colōrem colōrēs
ablative colōre colōribus
vocative color colōrēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin color.

Noun[edit]

color f (plural colors)

  1. color

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin color

Noun[edit]

color f (oblique plural colors, nominative singular color, nominative plural colors)

  1. color, colour

Descendants[edit]


Old Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

color f

  1. Alternative form of coor.

Descendants[edit]


Old Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin color

Noun[edit]

color f (oblique plural colors, nominative singular color, nominative plural colors)

  1. color, colour

Descendants[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Latin colōre, singular ablative of color.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

color m (plural colores)

  1. color, colour, hue
  2. rouge (cosmetics)
  3. pretext, motive, reason
  4. character
  5. side, party, faction
  6. race, ethnicity
  7. (poker) flush

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]