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From Middle English, from the Old French estandart (“gathering place, battle flag”), from Old Frankish *standhard (literally “stand firm, stand hard”), equivalent to stand + -ard. Alternate etymology derives the second element from Old Frankish *ord (“point, spot, place”) (compare Old English ord (“point, source, vanguard”), German Standort (“location, place, site, position, base”, literally “standing-point”)). More at stand, hard, ord.From Old French estendre (“to stretch out”), from Latin extendere, More at extend.
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standard (plural standards)
- A level of quality or attainment.
- Something used as a measure for comparative evaluations; a model.
- Jonathan Swift
- the court, which used to be the standard of property and correctness of speech
- A disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve, taken together, would be my standard of a statesman.
- Jonathan Swift
- An object supported in an upright position, such as a lamp standard.
- A musical work of established popularity.
- The flag or ensign carried by a military unit.
- His armies, in the following day, / On those fair plains their standards proud display.
- A rule or set of rules or requirements which are widely agreed upon or imposed by government.
- A bottle of wine containing 0.750 liters of fluid.
- One of the upright members that supports the horizontal axis of a transit or theodolite.
- Any upright support, such as one of the poles of a scaffold.
- A manual transmission vehicle.
- The proportion of weights of fine metal and alloy established for coinage.
- By the present standard of the coinage, sixty-two shillings is coined out of one pound weight of silver.
- A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.
- Sir W. Temple
- In France part of their gardens is laid out for flowers, others for fruits; some standards, some against walls.
- Sir W. Temple
- (botany) The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla.
- (shipbuilding) An inverted knee timber placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.
- The sheth of a plough.
- A large drinking cup.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Greene to this entry?)
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- Falling within an accepted range of size, amount, power, quality, etc.
- (of a tree or shrub) Growing on an erect stem of full height.
- Having recognized excellence or authority.
- Of a usable or serviceable grade or quality.
- (not comparable, of a motor vehicle) Having a manual transmission.
- As normally supplied (not optional).
- Often treated as invariable (with the single form standard used for masculine and feminine, singular and plural), but dictionary accounts vary.
- ^ "standard" in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
standard m (invariable)
stàndard m (Cyrillic spelling ста̀ндард)
standard m, f (plural standardes)