標準

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Chinese[edit]

 
the topmost branches of a tree; surface; sign; to mark; (outward) sign; indication; prize; award; bid
accurate; standard
trad. (標準/標准) /
simp. (标准)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (標準, reconstructed)
Character (標), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 甫遙切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/piᴇu/ /pi̯ɛu/ /piɛu/ /piɛu/ /piaw/ /pĭɛu/ /pjæu/
Character (準), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 諄
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 之尹切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiuɪnX/ /t͡ɕi̯uĕnX/ /t͡ɕiuĕnX/ /t͡ɕʷinX/ /cwinX/ /t͡ɕĭuĕnX/ /t͡ɕjuenX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (標準, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǔn ‹ tsywinX › /*turʔ/ water-level

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9742 2 /*pew/
12189 1 /*qʷjinʔ/

Adjective[edit]

標準

  1. standard

Noun[edit]

標準

  1. standard; criterion

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (標準):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひょう
Grade: 4
じゅん
Grade: 5
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

標準 (hiragana ひょうじゅん, romaji hyōjun)

  1. standard, level, the mark, norm

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3