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simpl. and trad.

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
的-bw.png
Stroke order
的-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (white) + phonetic 

的 and 勺 had roughly similar pronunciations in Old Chinese; Baxter-Sagart reconstruct 的 as *t-lˤewk, compared with 勺 *m-t-qewk. (The m- and t- here are prefixes.)

The original meaning was "bright," hence the 白 semantic.

的
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 106 +3, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹日心戈 (HAPI), four-corner 27620, composition)

  1. possessive, adjectival suffix
  2. target, mark
  3. indeed

References[edit]


Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping dik1, Yale dik1)

See also[edit]


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ tit (tit4), Guangdong tit7; tit7, tak8, tiak8, t'it7 [Hailu, Siyan], Hagfa Pinyim did5)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana まと, romaji mato)

  1. target, mark
    Accent: 0

Compounds[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana てき, romaji -teki)

  1. -like, -ical, -ish, suffix for forming na-adjectives (形容動詞) from nouns (名詞)
    Accent: compound formed is of accent type 0

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeok) (hangeul , revised jeok, McCune-Reischauer chŏk, Yale cek)


Mandarin[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. really; truly

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. target; objective

Derived terms[edit]

Particle[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin de)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Indicates that the previous word has possession of the next one. In English it functions like ’s (or like the word “of” but with the position of possessor and possessee switched.)
  • Indicates the relation between two nouns.
    • [1]
      首先看到的是 Thames 河 的出海口
    the snake’s poison
  • Indicates a noun in relation to another noun
    trad. 眾人國家, simpl. 众人国家
    the People’s Country

Synonyms[edit]

  • (zhī)
  • (kài) (Cantonese)

Derived terms[edit]

Syllable[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. phonetic element

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dek)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ tek (tek4))

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, POJ tek)

  1. target; objective
Derived terms[edit]

Particle[edit]

(traditional and simplified, POJ ê)

  1. Indicates that the previous word has possession of the next one. In English it functions like ’s (or like the word “of” but with the position of possessor and possessee switched.)
  2. Indicates the relation between two nouns.
    chôa ê to̍k
    the snake’s poison
  3. Indicates a noun in relation to another noun.
    trad. 眾人國家, simpl. 众人国家
    chèng-lâng ê kok-ka
    the People’s Country

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đích, đét, đít, điếc, đếch)