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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
爱-bw.png

Simplified from ()

Han character[edit]

(radical 87 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月月大水 (BBKE), composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (愛), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 烏代切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔʌiH/ /ʔɑ̆iH/ /ʔᴀiH/ /ʔəiH/ /ʔəjH/ /ɒiH/ /ʔɒiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ài ‹ 'ojH › /*[q]ˤəә[p]-s/ to love; to grudge (< ‘draw close to oneself’?)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1 1 /*qɯːds/ 說文本從心旡聲

Noun[edit]

  1. love

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. to love; to be fond of
  2. to be prone; to be easy to
  3. to treasure; to value
  4. (Min Nan) want; must; need

Usage notes[edit]

  • When the object of the verb is a person, 爱 usually refers to romantic love. When used like this, older Mandarin speakers often describe the use of this term as overly 肉麻 (adj. something that gives you the creeps, extremely melodramatic). For this reason, the word 喜歡喜欢 (to like) might be used instead. The word 喜欢 literally means "to like", but when used in a romantic context, can (but does not always) mean "to love." However, Mandarin speakers born since the 1970s are now using the verb 爱 much more often than was socially acceptable in the past.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • "" (in Taiwanese/English), On-line Taiwanese/Mandarin Dictionary (台文/華文線頂辭典). URL accessed on 2011-01-29.