中国

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Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

From  ("center, central") +  ("country, kingdom").

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (中国, reconstructed)
Character (中), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 東
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 陟弓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨuŋ/ /ȶi̯uŋ/ /ȶiuŋ/ /ʈiuŋ/ /ʈuwŋ/ /ȶĭuŋ/ /ȶiuŋ/
Character (國), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 德
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 古或切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kwək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kʷək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kuək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (中国, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhōng ‹ trjuwng › /*truŋ/ center
guó ‹ kwok › /*kʷˁək {*[k]ʷˁək}/ state (n.)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17407 0 /*tuŋ/
17410 0 /*tuŋs/
5547 0 /*kʷɯːɡ/

Proper noun[edit]

中国

  1. China
    • 中国首都北京 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Zhōngguó de shǒudū shì Běijīng. [Pinyin]
      The capital of China is Beijing.
    • 现在中国旅行 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Tā xiànzài zài Zhōngguó lǚxíng. [Pinyin]
      He's travelling around China right now.
    • 喜欢中国文学 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Nǐ xǐhuān Zhōngguó wénxué ma? [Pinyin]
      Do you like Chinese literature?

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (中國):

See also[edit]

  • (Huá-) (abbreviation)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
こく > ごく
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

中国 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 中國, hiragana ちゅうごく, romaji Chūgoku)

  1. (country) China
  2. Chugoku area (the west area of Japan) (includes 鳥取県, 島根県, 岡山県, 広島県, 山口県)
  3. Nakatsu-kuni

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]