中華

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Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (中華, reconstructed)
Character (中), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 東
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 陟弓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨuŋ/ /ȶi̯uŋ/ /ȶiuŋ/ /ʈiuŋ/ /ʈuwŋ/ /ȶĭuŋ/ /ȶiuŋ/
Character (華), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸花切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣua/ /ɣwa/ /ɣua/ /ɦʷɯa/ /ɦwaɨ/ /ɣwa/ /ɣua/
Old Chinese pronunciation (中華, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhōng ‹ trjuwng › /*truŋ/ center
huá ‹ hwae › /*N-qʷʰˤra/ flower (v.); flowery (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17407 0 /*tuŋ/
5312 0 /*ɡʷraː/ 說文於聲

Adjective[edit]

中華

  1. Chinese

Proper noun[edit]

中華

  1. China (alternate formal name)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (中華):

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1

Grade: S
on'yomi

Proper noun[edit]

中華 (hiragana ちゅうか, romaji Chūka)

  1. China
  2. abbreviation of 中華料理 (chūka ryōri, Chinese cuisine)
  3. abbreviation of 中華饅頭 (chūka manjū, Chinese steam bun, humbow)

Compounds[edit]



Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Proper noun[edit]

中華 (junghwa) (hangeul 중화)

  1. Hanja form? of 중화, “China”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

中華

  1. Hán tự form of Trung Hoa, "China"