中國

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Chinese[edit]

 
middle; center; within; among; in; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; hit (the mark)
country; state; nation
trad. (中國)
simp. (中国)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (中國, reconstructed)
Character (中), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 東
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 陟弓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨuŋ/ /ȶi̯uŋ/ /ȶiuŋ/ /ʈiuŋ/ /ʈuwŋ/ /ȶĭuŋ/ /ȶiuŋ/
Character (國), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 德
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 古或切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kwək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kʷək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kuək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (中國, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhōng ‹ trjuwng › /*truŋ/ center
guó ‹ kwok › /*[C.q]ʷˤəәk/ state (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17407 0 /*tuŋ/
17410 0 /*tuŋs/
5547 0 /*kʷɯːɡ/

Proper noun[edit]

中國

  1. China

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (中國):

See also[edit]

  • (Huá-) (abbreviation)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
こく > ごく
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Proper noun[edit]

中國 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 中国, hiragana ちゅうごく, romaji Chūgoku)

  1. China

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Proper noun[edit]

中國 (Jungguk) (hangeul 중국)

  1. Hanja form? of 중국, “China”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

中國

  1. Hán tự form of Trung Quốc, "China"