所以

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Chinese[edit]

actually; place
 
to use; according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because; Israel (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(所以)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (所以, reconstructed)
Character (所), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 踈舉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɨʌX/ /ʂi̯woX/ /ʃiɔX/ /ʃiɔX/ /ʂɨə̆X/ /ʃĭoX/ /ʃiɔX/
Character (以), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 羊己切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨX/ /iX/ /iəX/ /jɨX/ /jɨX/ /jĭəX/ /ieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (所以, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
suǒ ‹ srjoX › /*s-qʰ<r>aʔ/ place (n.); that which
suǒ ‹ xuX › /*qʰaʔ/ 所所 = 許許 = 滸滸 sound of hewing wood
‹ yiX › /*ləәʔ/ take, use

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5306 0 /*sqʰraʔ/
14929 0 /*lɯʔ/

Adverb[edit]

所以

  1. therefore; so; consequently

Conjunction[edit]

所以

  1. Used in the first part of a sentence to indicate a reason that will be explained in the second part of the sentence.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3 Grade: 4

Etymology[edit]

ゆえになり > ゆえんなり > ゆえん. See (ゆえ, yue).

Characters are used as jukujikun.

Noun[edit]

所以 (hiragana ゆえん, romaji yuen)

  1. reason, grounds