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See also: ᇁ‎

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
立-bw.png
Stroke order
立-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a person standing on the ground; compare .

Also simplification of same root as in some characters, such as .

立 立 立
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 117 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿 (YT), four-corner 00108)

  1. stand
  2. let stand
  3. establish, set

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 870, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1299, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2706, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7ACB

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (立), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 緝
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 力入切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liɪp̚/ /li̯əp̚/ /liəp̚/ /lip̚/ /lip̚/ /lĭĕp̚/ /ljep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lip › /*k.rəәp/ stand (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7869 1 /*rɯb/

Verb[edit]

  1. to stand
  2. to set up, to establish
  3. to institute, to lay down, to draw up, to compose (legal document)
  4. to exist, to live

Adjective[edit]

  1. standing
  2. upright, vertical

Adverb[edit]

  1. immediately, at once
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2005, William McNaughton, Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, edition 2nd Edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 29:
  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-02.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(rip, ip)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: rip, ip, McCune-Reischauer: rip, ip, Yale: lip, ip)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lập, lụp, sập, lớp, sầm, sụp, nhân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.