ли

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

ли (li)

  1. A question-forming interrogative particle for yes-no questions, it is put after the part of the sentence the question is about; not translated.
    Искаш ли нещо за ядене? — Would you like something to eat?
    Ще ходиш ли там? — Are you going there?
    Така ли? - Is that so?
    Даде ли им Мария възможност да се извинят? - Did Maria give them a change to apologize?
    Мария ли им даде възможност да се извинят? - Was it Maria who gave them a chance to apologize? (Or was it someone else?)
    На тях ли Мария даде възможност да се извинят? - Was it to them that Maria gave a chance to apologize? (Or did she give it to someone else?)
    Възможност да се извинят ли им даде Мария? - Was it a chance to apologize that Maria gave them? (Or did she give them something else?)
    Да се извинят ли им даде възможност Мария? - Was it a chance to apologize that Maria gave them? (Or did she give them a chance to do something else?)
  2. A question-forming interrogative particle used in multiple-choice questions, it is put after each option the person being asked can choose from; not translated.
    Коя химикалка искаш – червената ли, синята ли, някаква друга ли? - Which pen do you want - the red one, the blue one or another one?
  3. Used after other interrogatives for emphasis.
    Какво ли искаше тоя човек? - I wonder what that man wanted.
    Къде ли се е дянала? - I wonder where she could be.
  4. Used instead of a conjunction in indirect questions, if, whether.
    Попитах я иска ли нещо за ядене. - I asked her whether she wanted anything to eat.
    Попитах го ще ходи ли там. - I asked him if he was going there.
  5. Used instead of a conjunction in subordinate conditional clauses, if.
    Не тръгнеш ли веднага, ще закъснееш. - If you don't leave right away, you'll be late.
  6. Used instead of a conjunction in subordinate temporal clauses, when, as soon as, once, whenever, every time.
    Видя ли го, ще му кажа. - When/As soon as I see him, I'll tell him.
    Върнеше ли се вкъщи, веднага се захващаше да чисти. - Every time/Whenever she came home, she would immediately set to cleaning.
    Започнеш ли веднъж, ще ти хареса. - Once you begin you’ll enjoy it.
    започне ли да говори - once he starts talking
    дойде ли зимата - when/as soon as winter sets in
  7. Used to emphasize the continuous or energetic nature of an action; not translated.
    Той пее ли, пее. - He’s singing away/He’s singing for all he is worth.
    Той работеше ли, работеше, без почивка. - He worked on and on without a break.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Particle[edit]

ли (li)

  1. An interrogative particle used in yes-or-no questions.
    Ќе ми помогнеш ли?
    Will you help me?

Synonyms[edit]

Usage Notes[edit]

  • This particle is mostly placed after the verb or very rarely, at the end of the sentence (after all that follows the verb).

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Particle[edit]

ли (li)

  1. (interrogative particle, placed after the first word in a sentence or phrase) Do/does/did...? Is/are/was/were...?
    Зна́ете ли вы?Do you know?
    Хорошо́ ли ему́?Is he okay?
    Отпра́вил ли я письмо́?Did I send the letter?

Conjunction[edit]

ли (li)

  1. whether, if

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *li.

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

ли (Latin spelling li)

  1. question-forming interrogative particle
    да ли ме познајеш? — do you know me?
    јеси ли стигао на одредиште? — did you reach the destination?
    јесте ли га вид(ј)ели — have you seen him?
    гд(ј)е ли се само налазимо? — where could we be?
    кад ли ће доћи? — when will they come?
    је ли? — Is it? (Is that so? Isn't that so?)
  2. used as conjunction with да
    да ли — whether
    немам појма да ли је дошао — I have no idea if he came
  3. (as a conjunction) if
    покушаш ли ме напасти, ја ћу ти узвратити — if you try to attack me, I'll retaliate
  4. used as an emphatic intensifier
    а сн(ијег) пада ли пада — the snow just keep falling on and on...
    д(иј)ете плаче ли плаче — the child just keeps crying