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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
亲-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Graphically,  + .

Also Simplified from (elimination of 見).

Han character[edit]

(radical 8 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿木 (YTD), composition)

  1. relatives, parents; intimate (simplified form of )
  2. the hazelnut or filbert tree
  3. a thorny tree

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 89, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 311
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2707, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4EB2

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad. 亲/

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (親), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 七人切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɪn/ /t͡sʰi̯ĕn/ /t͡sʰiĕn/ /t͡sʰin/ /t͡sʰin/ /t͡sʰĭĕn/ /t͡sʰjen/
Character (親), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 七遴切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɪnH/ /t͡sʰi̯ĕnH/ /t͡sʰiĕnH/ /t͡sʰinH/ /t͡sʰinH/ /t͡sʰĭĕnH/ /t͡sʰjenH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qīn ‹ tshin › /*[tsʰ]i[n]/ close; parents

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13804 2 /*sʰin/ 說文親(同榛)聲

Compounds[edit]