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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (see) – someone you see every day.

Han character[edit]

(radical 147 +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜木月山山 (YDBUU), four-corner 06910, composition)

  1. relatives, parents
  2. intimate

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1136, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34918
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1602, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3671, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+89AA

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (親), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 七人切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɪn/ /t͡sʰi̯ĕn/ /t͡sʰiĕn/ /t͡sʰin/ /t͡sʰin/ /t͡sʰĭĕn/ /t͡sʰjen/
Character (親), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 七遴切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɪnH/ /t͡sʰi̯ĕnH/ /t͡sʰiĕnH/ /t͡sʰinH/ /t͡sʰinH/ /t͡sʰĭĕnH/ /t͡sʰjenH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qīn ‹ tshin › /*[tsʰ]i[n]/ close; parents

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13804 2 /*sʰin/ 說文親(同榛)聲
13806 2 /*sʰins/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. parent, elder

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
おや
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Cognate with or derived from Old Japanese verb 老ゆ (oyu, to become old, modern 老いる oiru), from the idea of one's elders.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おや, romaji oya)

  1. a mother, a father, a parent (human or otherwise)
  2. the originator or founder of a school, company, or other organization
  3. the boss or leader
  4. the larger one of several objects of the same kind
  5. (gambling) the dealer, the banker
  6. one's ancestors, one's forebears

Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chin) (hangeul , revised chin, McCune-Reischauer ch'in, Yale chin)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.