From Old French paternal (“of a father”) (12c.), a learned borrowing from Vulgar Latin paternālis (“paternal”), from Classical Latin paternus (“of or pertaining to a father, paternal”), from pater (“father”).
- Of or pertaining to one's father, his genes, his relatives, or his side of a family; as, "paternal grandfather" (one's father's father).
- Fatherly; behaving as or characteristic of a father.
- Received or inherited from one's father.
- Acting as a father; as in "paternal filicide" (murder of a son committed by his father).
- paternal aunt
- paternal cousin
- paternal filicide
- paternal grandfather
- paternal grandmother
- paternal uncle
- maternal – mother
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- English: paternal
paternal m and f (plural paternales)