-al

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin adjective suffix -ālis, or French, Middle French and Old French -el, -al.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    base, basal
    cranium, cranial
  2. Forming nouns, especially of verbal action.
    e.g. rival, proposal, denial
Usage notes[edit]

If the root word contains l, the variant -ar is often used instead (e.g. solar, lunar, columnar, lumbar). Sometimes both forms are found: linear, lineal. One also sees -ial, as in manorial.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Extracted from the word "aldehyde"

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) the IUPAC nomenclature used in organic chemistry to form names of aldehydes containing the -(CO)H group.

Abenaki[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words.
    pessimen (currant) → pessimenal (currants)
    wôbigen (it is white) → wôbigenal (they are white)

Usage notes[edit]

  • -al is the most common suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words, including most body parts and some words ending in the vowel a.
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al m, f

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation.
    estructura (structure) → estructural (structural).

Derived terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) -al

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. for [...] reason (ending for correlatives of reason)

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French, from Old French, from Latin -ālis. Cognate to French -el, which is also from Latin -ālis but inherited (not borrowed).

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also)

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. pertaining to, using; adjectival suffix appended to nouns

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-a- +‎ -l

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. Added to a noun to form a verb.
    szárny (a wing) → szárnyal (to soar)
  2. Added to a verb to form a noun (no longer productive in this role).
    von (to pull) → vonal (line)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (verbal suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -l is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final long vowels may shorten, e.g. űü.
    -ol is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -al is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -el is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öl is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ál is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (noun suffix) Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -al is added to back vowel words
    -el is added to front vowel words

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ālis.

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form)

Derived terms[edit]


Novial[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. Short form of -ali.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Remove the last vowel (except 'u') of the given noun before appending this suffix to it.

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese -al, from Latin -ālis.

Suffix[edit]

-al (plural -ais)

  1. appended to noun X, forms adjectives meaning “of or pertaining to X”
    abismo (abyss) + -alabismal (abyssal; abysmal)
    indústria (factory; industry) + -alindustrial (industrial)
  2. forms synonyms of adjectives containing the suffix -ico
    angélico (angelic) + -alangelical (angelical)
  3. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a collection X” or “a large quantity of X”
    ninho (nest) + -alninhal (a bunch of nests)
    edito (edict) + -aledital (notice board)
  4. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a place where there is plenty of X”
    pedra (rock) + -alpedregal (a rocky field)
    colmeia (beehive) + -alcolmeal (a place with many beehives)
  5. appended to the name of a plant, forms nouns meaning “a field where that plant is cultivated”
    trigo (wheat) + -altrigal (wheatfield)
    sobreiro (cork oak) + -alsobreiral (an orchard of cork oaks)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the first syllable of álcool (alcohol) and aldeído (aldehyde).

Suffix[edit]

-al m

  1. (chemistry) forms the names of alcohols
  2. (chemistry) forms the names of aldehydes

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ālis.

Suffix[edit]

-al (plural -ales)

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation
    cultura (culture) → cultural (cultural).
  2. In nouns, indicating a place where something is grown
    maíz (corn) → maizal (corn field)
    naranja (orange) → naranjal (orange grove)

Synonyms[edit]

  • (indicating a place): -ar

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. -al, of or pertaining to; forming an adjective from a noun

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]