-id

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Anglo-Norman -ide, Middle French -ide, from Latin -idus, of uncertain origin.

Suffix[edit]

-id

  1. (not productive except in zoology) of or pertaining to; appended to various foreign words to make an English adjective or noun form. Often added to words of Greek, sometimes Latin, origin.
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle French -ide, French -ide, and their sources, Latin -id-, -is and Ancient Greek -ιδ-, -ις (-id-, -is).

Suffix[edit]

-id

  1. (chiefly botany, astronomy) Forming nouns from Latin or Greek roots, including certain plant names modelled on Latin sources, and the names of meteors.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-id

  1. your ... -s (second-person singular informal possessive suffix denoting plural possession)
    kapu (gate) → a kapuid (your gates)
    palota (palace) → a palotáid (your palaces)
    érme (coin) → az érméid (your coins)

Declension[edit]

For back vowel words:

For front vowel words:

Usage notes[edit]

  • (possessive suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -id is added to words ending in a vowel except -i. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -aid is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -eid is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -jaid is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i
    -jeid is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i

See also[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-id

  1. Forms a noun of agency.
    • from verb or verbal noun
      e.g. serc (love) → sercaid (lover)
    • from noun
      e.g. mucc (pig) → muccaid (swineherd)
      ainmm (name) → ainmmnid (nominative case) = "namer"

Usage notes[edit]

  • This suffix forms i-stem nouns.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Rudolf Thurneysen, A Grammar of Old Irish (Dublin, 1946), §267