-ja

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English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ja

  1. (colloquial) You, ya; only used after a [d] sound.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Finnish -ja.

Suffix[edit]

-ja (genitive -ja, partitive -jat)

  1. -er; appended to verbal stems to form agent nouns, especially human ones

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ja (front vowel harmony variant -jä)

  1. Forms agent nouns, especially human ones; -er
    katsoa (to watch) → katsoja (a watcher, spectator)
    tehdä (to do) → tekijä (a doer; a writer, author, playwright; a factor)

Usage notes[edit]

  • If the stem ends in -e-, this changes to -i- before adding -ja.
juosta; juokse- -> juoksija
näytellä; näyttele- -> näyttelijä
  • After /i/, the /j/ may be silent or almost silent.

Declension[edit]

The original verb affects the declension type of the derivation.

If the -ja ending is preceded by -i-, it is declined as kulkija.

Otherwise, it is declined as koira.

See also[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ja

  1. his, her, its (third-person singular possessive suffix denoting singular possession)
    barát (friend) → a barátja (his/her/its friend)
    kapu (gate) → a kapuja (his/her/its gate)
    palota (palace) → a palotája (his/her/its palace)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (possessive suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -a is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -e is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ja is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -je is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ja (Cyrillic spelling -ја)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, performer or a feature, usually negative.

See also[edit]