-e

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From various suffixes of the Middle Dutch adjective inflection.

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Used to create the inflected form of an adjective, which is used after a definite determiner, or before masculine and feminine nouns in general.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch -e, from Old Dutch -i, from Proto-Germanic *-į̄.

Suffix[edit]

-e f

  1. (archaic) Used to form abstract nouns from adjectives; the nouns express the quality of the adjective.
    koud (cold) → koude (the cold)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Dutch -e, the ending of the first and third person singular subjunctive.

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. (archaic) Used to form the singular subjunctive of a verb.

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Latin and Italian adverbial suffix -e (as in bene "well"), perhaps reinforced by the Russian adverbial -e found after a palatalized consonant.

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. -ly; used to form adverbs.
    bona ("good") + -e ("-ly"): bone ("well")
    unu ("one") + -e ("-ly"): unue ("firstly")
2. -e is the ending for correlatives of place

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Used for forming nouns from verbs or adjectives.
    ottaa "to take (hold of)" -> ote "grip"
    paha "bad, evil" -> pahe "vice"
    ääntää "to pronounce, enunciate" -> äänne "sound (in phonetics)"

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e f

  1. Used to form the feminine of adjectives.
    fort + -e: forte

German[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. used to form nouns from adjectives; the nouns express the quality of the adjective
    stark (strong) → Stärke (strength)
  2. used to form the plural of some nouns, sometimes with umlaut of the root vowel
    Laut (sound) → Laute (sounds)
    Baum (tree) → Bäume (trees)
  3. used to form the dative of masculine and neuter nouns ending in a stressed syllable (dated except in certain fixed phrases)
    das Haus (house)dem Hause / dem Haus
  4. used to form the 1st person singular present indicative and subjunctive of a verb
    gehen (geh + en) ich gehe (geh + e) / ich geh
  5. used to form the 3rd person singular present subjunctive of a verb
    gehener gehe
  6. used to form the 1st and 3rd person singular past subjunctive of a verb
    gehenich ginge, er ginge (ging + e)

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. whether, if
    Nem tudom, voltál-e már Budapesten. - I don't know if you've ever been in Budapest.
  2. Suffix for tag (yes/no) questions.
    1857, János Arany, A walesi bárdok (The Bards of Wales)
    Van-e ott folyó és földje jó? / Is there a river and is its land good?
    Legelőin fű kövér / Are the grasses rich on its meadows?
    Használt-e a megöntözés: / Was the watering useful (i.e. to the meadows):
    A pártos honfivér? / The rebel's blood?
Usage notes[edit]

Always written with a hyphen. Used in tag (yes/no) questions, but not all such questions use -e: in most cases a question is indicated only by emphasis and question mark. Always attached to the main word (usually the verb) of the predicate of the phrase.

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. his, her, its (third-person singular possessive suffix denoting singular possession)
    élet (life) → az élete (his/her/its life)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (possessive suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -a is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -e is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ja is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -je is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.

See also[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Esperanto -e, from Latin .

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. -ly; used to form suffixes

Usage notes[edit]

Any adjective can be converted into an adverb by swapping the -a suffix by -e.


Italian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Used with a stem to form the third-person present of regular -ere verbs and those -ire verbs that don't take "isco"

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

-e

  1. rōmaji reading of

Latin[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(comparative -ius, superlative -issimē)

  1. -ly; used to form adverbs from adjectives.

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -e is usually added to a first/second-declension adjective stem to form an adverb of manner.

Examples:
clare (famously, clearly), from clarus (famous, clear)
pulchre (beautifully), from pulcher (beautiful)

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Used to derive feminine nouns from masculine nouns (like English -ess).
  2. Used to form (feminine) nouns from verb stems (e.g, iestādīt -> iestāde, skatīt -> skate).

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Femine suffixes that include -e:

Derived terms[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch -i, from Proto-Germanic *-į̄.

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Used to form abstract nouns from adjectives, mostly those expressing physical properties.

Usage notes[edit]

This suffix originally triggered umlaut of the root vowel. This is seen in some words (kelde, from cout), but not in others (coude).

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Middle Dutch words suffixed with -e not found

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: -e

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From West Germanic *, from Proto-Germanic *-ê, which survives otherwise only in Gothic (and possibly Old Norse).

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. forming adverbs from adjectives; -ly

Derived terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin -a.

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. used to form feminine forms of nouns and adjectives

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: -e
    • French: -e

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin -ae (first-declension ending)

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. (plural) -s (feminine/neuter)
Usage notes[edit]
  • This form of the plural is indefinite, and used for feminine nouns in the nominative/accusative and genitive/dative cases which end in , and some neuter nouns (with may or may not take plural -uri):
  • mame, from mamă, fem.
  • vise (also visuri), from vis, neut.
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Possibly from Latin -e (second-declension vocative ending)

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Vocative singular (masculine/neuter)
Oh!
Usage notes[edit]
  • This suffixed used with masculine and neuter definite nouns in -l and -ul:
bărbatule!, from bărbatul, masc.
tatăle!, from tatăl, masc.
visule!, from visul, neut.
  • This suffix is absorbed in masculine and neuter definite nouns in -le:
fratele!, from fratele, masc.
numele!, from numele, neut.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin -ere, the ending of the present active infinitive form of third conjugation verbs. Cognate with Spanish -er, Italian -ere, etc.

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. A suffix forming infinitives of many verbs.
Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ę.

Suffix[edit]

-e (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a neuter noun, usually denoting a young animal, plant, place name or is used as a collective noun.
Derived terms[edit]
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to the truncated stem (up to the second syllable) of a proper name to create a masculine or feminine hypocoristic.
    KatarínaKáte
    MàrijaMáre
    JȕrājJúre
    MàtijaMáte

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-e, from Proto-Indo-European *-e, not a desinence per se but a thematic vowel in e-grade.

Suffix[edit]

-e (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to the nominal stem to create vocative singular. Used for masculine and neuter a-stems.
    vȗkvȗče (vocative singular)

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Conjugates verbs into the subjunctive mood (archaic except for the past subjunctive of vara: vore)
  2. Marker of definiteness on past participles ending in -ad
  3. Marker of plural on past participles ending in -ad
  4. Marker of definiteness on superlatives ending in -ast
  5. Marker of definiteness on adjectives describing nouns with masculine semantic gender (sex)

Turkish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. to (It makes the word dative form)

Alternative forms[edit]