-et

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. Used to form diminutives

Derived terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ittus.

Suffix[edit]

-et m (masculine plural -ets, feminine -eta, feminine plural -etes)

  1. Suffix indicating diminution or affection.

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ittus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-et m (feminine -ette)

  1. Suffix indicating diminution or affection.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. Added to a verb to form a noun.
    él (to live) → élet (life)
    ítél (to judge) → ítélet (judgment)
    mér (to measure) → méret (size)
  2. Added to an occupation ending in -ész to form a collective noun.
    művész (artist) → művészet (art)
    lövész (shooter) → lövészet (shooting as a sport)
    kertész (gardener) → kertészet (gardening establishment)
    sebész (surgeon) → sebészet (surgery, as a department in a hospital or as the field of medicine)
  3. Causative suffix for certain front vowel verbs.
    néz (to look) → nézet (to make someone look at something)
    ég (to burn; intransitive) → éget (to make something burn)
    mér (to measure) → méret (to make someone measure something)
  4. The accusative case ending -t with an -e- linking vowel.
    kert (garden) → Láttam egy gyönyörű kertet. - I saw a beautiful garden.

Usage notes[edit]

This suffix is used only in front vowel words.

  • (accusative suffix): Can be added to nouns, adjectives and numerals. Whether a linking vowel will be used is hard to predict and thus needs to be learned with each word. A rule of thumb, however, is that older and shorter words tend to incorporate a vowel, rather than simply use -t.
    -t is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final -o in foreign words changes to -ó-.
    -ot is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -at is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -et is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öt is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

See also[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. Used to form a diminutive, masculine noun.

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-atją, *-itją.

Suffix[edit]

-et n

  1. suffix forming nouns from verbs, adjectives, and other nouns (sometimes causes i-mutation)
    þēowot "service, religious service, ministry"
    grafet "trench"
    bærnet "a burning, combustion, cauterizing"
    emnet "level ground, leveling"
    eolet "voyage, departure"
    þiccet "thicket"
    rēwet "rowing; ship, row-boat"
    rȳmet "space, clearance, extension"
    þyrnet "thicket of thorns, thorny place"

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. Used to form a diminutive, masculine noun.

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -etum. Compare Italian -eto, French -aie.

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. used with plant or tree names to form names of orchards, woods, forests, or groves

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. Suffix for definite form singular of neuter nouns, especially if they end with consonant or a stressed vowel.
  2. Suffix for the neuter form of past participles of verbs belonging to the fourth declension (strong verbs). This may be analyzed as two morphemes: a combination of the suffix -en for past participle and -t for neuter, where the n of the first suffix disappears. Such an analysis is historically correct.