ablative

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See also: Ablative

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old French ablatif (the ablative case), from Latin ablātīvus (expressing removal),[1] from Latin ablātus (taken away), from Latin auferō (I take away). The engineering/nautical sense is a back-formation from ablate.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (grammar): (US) IPA(key): /ˈæb.lə.tɪv/
  • (engineering, nautical): IPA(key): /əˈbleɪ.tɪv/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

ablative (not comparable)

  1. (grammar) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in some languages, the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away, and to a lesser degree, instrument, place, accordance, specifications, price, or measurement. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).][2]
  2. (obsolete) Pertaining to taking away or removing. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the early 18th century.][2]
    • (Can we date this quote?) Joseph Hall
      Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, ablative directions are found needful to unteach error, ere we can learn truth.
  3. (engineering, nautical) Sacrificial, wearing away or being destroyed in order to protect the underlying, as in ablative paints used for antifouling. [First attested in 1959.][3].
  4. (medicine) Relating to the removal of a body part, tumor, or organ. [First attested in the mid 20th century.][2]
  5. (geology) Relating to the erosion of a land mass; relating to the melting or evaporation of a glacier. [First attested in the mid 20th century.][2]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Noun[edit]

ablative (plural ablatives)

  1. (grammar) The ablative case. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][2]
  2. An ablative material. [Mid 20th century.][2]

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ William Morris (editor), The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (1971 [1969]; American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc.; ISBN 0-395-09066-0), page 3
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 5
  3. ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], ISBN 0550142304), page 3

French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ablative f

  1. feminine form of ablatif

Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ablative f

  1. Feminine plural form of ablativo

Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ablative

  1. vocative masculine singular of ablativus