-on

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • (Physics) From -on in electron, reinforced by Ancient Greek -ον ending neuter nouns and adjectives.
  • (Chemistry) From -on in carbon, first applied to boron and then to silicon.

Suffix[edit]

-on

  1. (physics and biology) Forming nouns denoting subatomic particles (proton), quanta (photon), molecular units (codon), or substances (interferon).
  2. (biology, genetics) Forming names of things considered as basic or fundamental units, such as codon or recon.
  3. (chemistry) Forming names of noble gases and certain nonmetal elements (such as boron or silicon).

Translations[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-on

  1. (organic chemistry) -one
  2. (particles) -on

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-on

  1. Suffix variant for the illative singular, see -Vn.

French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old French -on, a blending of Latin -ōnem (accusative singular of , masculine appellative suffix), Frankish -on (accusative of -o, ending of masculine weak declension nouns), Frankish -in (diminutive suffix), and Frankish -ing (diminutive suffix for animals, via -enc, -enz).

Suffix[edit]

-on

  1. forming diminutives of things, including some animals

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ancient Greek -ον (-on), neuter of -ος (-os), masculine adjective ending.

Suffix[edit]

-on

  1. (physics and biology) -on
Derived terms[edit]

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-on

  1. on (superessive case ending)
    asztal (table) → az asztalon (on the table)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Member of the suffix cluster -n/-on/-en/-ön/
    • -n is added to words ending in a vowel
    • -on is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    • -en is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    • -ön is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

See also[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-ōną

Suffix[edit]

-on

  1. (verbal suffix) used to form the infinitive of class 2 weak verbs (an alternative ending -oian is sometimes found instead of -on)
    makon "to make"
    haton "to hate"