carbon

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: carbón

English[edit]

Chemical element
C Previous: boron (B)
Next: nitrogen (N)

Etymology[edit]

From French carbone, coined by Lavoisier, from Latin carbō (charcoal, coal), from Proto-Indo-European *ker- (to burn), see also Old English heorþ (hearth), Old Norse hyrr (fire), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌹 (hauri, coal), Old High German harsta (roasting), Russian церен (ceren, brazier), Old Church Slavonic крада (krada, hearth, fireplace), Lithuanian kuriu (to heat), karstas (hot) and krosnis (oven), Sanskrit कृष्ण (kṛṣṇa, burnt, black) and कूडयति (kūḍayati, singes), Latin cremare (to burn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

carbon (countable and uncountable, plural carbons)

  1. (uncountable) The chemical element (symbol C) with an atomic number of 6.
  2. (countable) An atom of this element, in reference to a molecule containing it.
    A methane molecule is made up of a single carbon with four hydrogens.
  3. (countable, informal) A sheet of carbon paper.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, p. 51:
      He stepped back and opened his bag and took out a printed pad of D.O.A. forms and began to write over a carbon.
  4. (countable, informal) A carbon copy.
  5. A fossil fuel that is made of impure carbon such as coal or charcoal.
  6. (ecology, uncountable) Carbon dioxide, in the context of global warming and climate change.
  7. A carbon rod or pencil used in an arc lamp.
  8. A plate or piece of carbon used as one of the elements of a voltaic battery.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

carbon m (genitive carboin, no plural)

  1. carbon (element)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]