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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (mountain, cliff) +  (fire) – flammable substance from under a mountain (mined coal).

Unrelated to similar (ash).

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 山大火 (UKF), 山一火 (UMF), four-corner 22289, composition)

  1. charcoal
  2. coal
  3. carbon

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 668, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18953
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1077, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2195, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+70AD

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (炭), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 他旦切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑnH/ /tʰɑnH/ /tʰɑnH/ /tʰɑnH/ /tʰanH/ /tʰɑnH/ /tʰɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tàn ‹ thanH › /*tʰˁan-s {*[tʰ]ˁa[n]-s}/ charcoal, coal
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12356 1 /*tŋ̥ʰaːns/

Etymology[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. coal
  2. charcoal

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana すみ, romaji sumi)

  1. charcoal

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(tan) (hangeul , revised tan, McCune-Reischauer t'an, Yale than)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thán, than, tro)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.