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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (mountain, cliff) +  (fire) – flammable substance from under a mountain (mined coal).

Unrelated to similar (ash).

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 山大火 (UKF), 山一火 (UMF), four-corner 22289)

  1. charcoal
  2. coal
  3. carbon

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 668, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18953
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1077, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2195, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+70AD

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping taan3, Yale taan3)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. coal
  2. charcoal

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana すみ, romaji sumi)

  1. charcoal

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(tan) (hangeul , revised tan, McCune-Reischauer t'an, Yale than)

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Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin tàn (tan4), Wade-Giles t'an4)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin tàn)

  1. charcoal
  2. coal
  3. carbon

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thán, than, tro)

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