instrumental

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See also: inštrumentál

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Medieval Latin instrumentalis, from instruere (to build into, set up, construct, furnish, hence "to train"), from in- (on) + struere (to put together, arrange, pile up, build, construct), from Proto-Indo-European *strew- (to spread, to strew).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

instrumental (comparative more instrumental, superlative most instrumental)

  1. Acting as an instrument; serving as a means; contributing to promote; conductive; helpful; serviceable; essential or central.
    He was instrumental in conducting the business.
    • (Can we date this quote?), William Shakespeare, Hamlet, I,ii
      The head is not more native to the heart, The hand more instrumental to the mouth —
    • 2012, Christoper Zara, Tortured Artists: From Picasso and Monroe to Warhol and Winehouse, the Twisted Secrets of the World's Most Creative Minds, part 1, chapter 2, page 51:
      Few songwriters have been as instrumental in creating the mold for American music.
  2. (music) Pertaining to, made by, or prepared for, an instrument, especially a musical instrument.
    instrumental music
  3. (grammar) Applied to a case expressing means or agency, generally indicated in English by by or with with the objective.
    the instrumental case

Coordinate terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

instrumental (countable and uncountable, plural instrumentals)

  1. (uncountable, grammar) The instrumental case.
  2. (countable, music) A composition without lyrics.
    • 1977, Stereo Review (volume 38, page 70)
      I recommend this album in the face of the fact that five of the eleven songs are the purest filler, dull instrumentals with a harmonica rifling over an indifferent rhythm section. The rest is magnificent []

Translations[edit]

External links[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

instrumental m (feminine instrumentale, masculine plural instrumentaux, feminine plural instrumentales)

  1. instrumental

Noun[edit]

instrumental m (plural instrumentaux)

  1. (grammar) the instrumental case

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French instrumental.

Instrument +‎ -al

Adjective[edit]

instrumental (not comparable)

  1. (music) instrumental

Antonyms[edit]

Declension[edit]

External links[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Adjective[edit]

instrumental m, f (plural instrumentais, comparable)

  1. (music) instrumental (having no singing)
  2. (grammar) instrumental (pertaining to the instrumental case)

Noun[edit]

instrumental m (plural instrumentais)

  1. (uncountable, grammar) instrumental (grammatical case)
  2. (countable, music) instrumental (composition without singing)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

ȉnstrumentāl m (Cyrillic spelling и̏нструмента̄л)

  1. the instrumental case
  2. (music) a composition made for instruments only or a (version of some) song in which only the instruments are heard

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

instrumental m, f (plural instrumentales)

  1. instrumental