instrumental

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See also: inštrumentál

English[edit]

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Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Medieval Latin instrumentalis, from instruere (to build into, set up, construct, furnish, hence "to train"), from in- (on) + struere (to put together, arrange, pile up, build, construct), from Proto-Indo-European *strew- (to spread, to strew).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

instrumental (comparative more instrumental, superlative most instrumental)

  1. Acting as an instrument; serving as a means; contributing to promote; conductive; helpful; serviceable; essential or central.
    He was instrumental in conducting the business.
    • (Can we date this quote?), William Shakespeare, Hamlet, I,ii
      The head is not more native to the heart, The hand more instrumental to the mouth —
  2. (music) Pertaining to, made by, or prepared for, an instrument, especially a musical instrument.
    instrumental music
  3. (grammar) Applied to a case expressing means or agency, generally indicated in English by by or with with the objective.
    the instrumental case.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

instrumental (countable and uncountable, plural instrumentals)

  1. (uncountable, grammar) The instrumental case.
  2. (countable, music) A composition without lyrics.
    • 1977, Stereo Review (volume 38, page 70)
      I recommend this album in the face of the fact that five of the eleven songs are the purest filler, dull instrumentals with a harmonica rifling over an indifferent rhythm section. The rest is magnificent []

Translations[edit]

External links[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

instrumental m (feminine instrumentale, masculine plural instrumentaux, feminine plural instrumentales)

  1. instrumental

Noun[edit]

instrumental m (plural instrumentaux)

  1. (grammar) the instrumental case

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French instrumental.

Instrument +‎ -al

Adjective[edit]

instrumental (not comparable)

  1. (music) instrumental

Antonyms[edit]

Declension[edit]

External links[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Adjective[edit]

instrumental m, f (plural instrumentais; comparable)

  1. (music) instrumental (having no singing)
  2. (grammar) instrumental (pertaining to the instrumental case)

Noun[edit]

instrumental m (plural instrumentais)

  1. (uncountable, grammar) instrumental (grammatical case)
  2. (countable, music) instrumental (composition without singing)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

ȉnstrumentāl m (Cyrillic spelling и̏нструмента̄л)

  1. the instrumental case
  2. (music) a composition made for instruments only or a (version of some) song in which only the instruments are heard

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

instrumental m, f (plural instrumentales)

  1. instrumental