medium

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See also: médium

English[edit]

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Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Latin medium, neuter of medius (middle). Compare middle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

medium (plural media or mediums)

  1. (plural media or mediums) The nature of the surrounding environment, e.g. solid, liquid, gas, vacuum, or a specific substance such as a solvent.
  2. (plural media or mediums) The material or empty space through which signals, waves or forces pass.
    • Francis Bacon
      Whether any other liquors, being made mediums, cause a diversity of sound from water, it may be tried.
    • Denham
      I must bring together / All these extremes; and must remove all mediums.
  3. (plural media or mediums) A format for communicating or presenting information.
  4. (plural media or mediums, engineering) The materials used to finish a workpiece using a mass finishing or abrasive blasting process.
  5. (plural media or mediums, microbiology) A nutrient solution for the growth of cells in vitro.
    • 1996, Samuel Baron (editor), Medical Microbiology:
      In some instances one can take advantage of differential carbohydrate fermentation capabilities of microorganisms by incorporating one or more carbohydrates in the medium along with a suitable pH indicator. Such media are called differential media (e.g., eosin methylene blue or MacConkey agar) and are commonly used to isolate enteric bacilli.
  6. (plural media or mediums) The means or channel by which an aim is achieved.
  7. (plural mediums or media) A liquid base which carries pigment in paint.
  8. (plural mediums or media, painting) A tool used for painting or drawing.
    Acrylics, oils, charcoal and gouache are all mediums I used in my painting.
  9. (plural mediums, spiritualism) Someone who supposedly conveys information from the spirit world.
  10. (plural mediums) Anything having a measurement intermediate between extremes, such as a garment or container.
  11. (plural mediums) A person whom garments or apparel of intermediate size fit.
  12. (plural mediums, Ireland, dated, informal) A half-pint serving of Guinness (or other stout in some regions).
  13. A middle place or degree.
    a happy medium
    • L'Estrange
      The just medium [] lies between pride and abjection.
  14. (dated) An average; sometimes the mathematical mean.
    • Burke
      a medium of six years of war, and six years of peace
  15. (logic) The mean or middle term of a syllogism, that by which the extremes are brought into connection.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

medium (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Arithmetically average.
  2. Of intermediate size, degree, amount etc.
  3. Of meat, cooked to a point greater than rare but less than well done; typically, so the meat is still red in the centre.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

medium (comparative more medium, superlative most medium)

  1. to a medium extent

Synonyms[edit]

Statistics[edit]

References[edit]


External links[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin medium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /meːdiɔm/, [ˈmeːˀd̥jɔm]

Noun[edit]

medium or medie n (singular definite mediet, plural indefinite medier)

  1. medium

Inflection[edit]

Adjective[edit]

medium (indeclinable)

  1. medium

External links[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

medium n

  1. neuter form of medius

Noun[edit]

medium n (genitive mediī); second declension

  1. middle, center, medium, midst
  2. community, public, publicity

Inflection[edit]

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative medium media
genitive mediī mediōrum
dative mediō mediīs
accusative medium media
ablative mediō mediīs
vocative medium media

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

medium

  1. Accusative singular of medius
  2. Genitive plural of medius

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

medium n

  1. a medium, a middle part in communication, a substance useful for communication (e.g. aether), a spiritual connection

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]