gas

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See also: Gas, gás, gås, gås', gãs, gaś, and gą̊s

Contents

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch gas, a word coined by chemist Van Helmont. From Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void).

Noun[edit]

gas (countable and uncountable, plural gases or gasses)

  1. (uncountable, chemistry) Matter in a state intermediate between liquid and plasma that can be contained only if it is fully surrounded by a solid (or in a bubble of liquid) (or held together by gravitational pull); it can condense into a liquid, or can (rarely) become a solid directly.
    • 2013 July-August, Lee S. Langston, “The Adaptable Gas Turbine”, American Scientist: 
      Turbines have been around for a long time—windmills and water wheels are early examples. The name comes from the Latin turbo, meaning vortex, and thus the defining property of a turbine is that a fluid or gas turns the blades of a rotor, which is attached to a shaft that can perform useful work.
    A lot of gas had escaped from the cylinder.
  2. (countable, chemistry) A chemical element or compound in such a state.
    The atmosphere is made up of a number of different gases.
  3. (uncountable) A flammable gaseous hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon mixture (typically predominantly methane) used as a fuel, e.g. for cooking, heating, electricity generation or as a fuel in internal combustion engines in vehicles.
    Gas-fired power stations have largely replaced coal-burning ones.
  4. (countable) A hob on a gas cooker.
    She turned the gas on, put the potatoes on, then lit the oven.
  5. (US) Methane or other waste gases trapped in one's belly as a result of the digestive process.
    My tummy hurts so bad, I have gas.
  6. (slang) A humorous or entertaining event or person.
    He is such a gas!
  7. (baseball) A fastball.
    The closer threw him nothing but gas.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (state of matter): vapor / vapour
  • (digestive process): wind, fart (when gas is released) (US, slang)
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

gas (third-person singular simple present gases, present participle gassing, simple past and past participle gassed)

  1. To kill with poisonous gas.
  2. To talk, chat.
    • 1899, Stephen Crane, chapter 1, Twelve O'Clock:
      […] (it was the town's humour to be always gassing of phantom investors who were likely to come any moment and pay a thousand prices for everything) — “[…] Them rich fellers, they don't make no bad breaks with their money. […]”
  3. To emit gas.
    The battery cell was gassing.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortening of gasoline.

Noun[edit]

gas (uncountable)

  1. (uncountable, US) Gasoline; a derivative of petroleum used as fuel.
  2. (US) gas pedal
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

gas (third-person singular simple present gases or gasses, present participle gassing, simple past and past participle gassed)

  1. (US) To give a vehicle more fuel in order to accelerate it.
    The cops are coming. Gas it!
  2. (US) To fill (a vehicle's fuel tank) with fuel
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Compare the slang usage of "a gas", above.

Adjective[edit]

gas (not comparable)

  1. (Ireland, colloquial) comical, zany.
    Mary's new boyfriend is a gas man.
    It was gas when the bird flew into the classroom.
Usage notes[edit]
  • This is common in speech, but rarely used in writing.

Anagrams[edit]


Basque[edit]

Basque Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia eu

Noun[edit]

gas

  1. gas

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Coined by chemist Van Helmont. Perhaps inspired by geest (breath, vapour, spirit) or by chaos (chaos), from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void).

Noun[edit]

gas n (plural gassen, diminutive gasje n)

  1. gas
  2. (automotive) liquefied petroleum gas
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

gas

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gassen
  2. imperative of gassen

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch gasse (unpaved street), from Middle High German gazze, from Old High German gazza, from Proto-Germanic *gatwǭ. Cognate with English gate and German Gasse (unpaved street). Related to Dutch gat (hole).

Noun[edit]

gas f (plural gassen, diminutive gasje n)

  1. unpaved street

Galician[edit]

Noun[edit]

gas m (plural gases)

  1. gas

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch gas.

Noun[edit]

gas n (genitive singular gass, nominative plural gös)

  1. gas (state of matter)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From French gaze

Noun[edit]

gas n (genitive singular gass, no plural)

  1. gauze
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Noun[edit]

gas

  1. gas

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

gas

  1. gas

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gas m (genitive gais, nominative plural gais)

  1. stalk, stem
  2. sprig, shoot, frond
  3. (figuratively) stripling; scion

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gas ghas ngas
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

gas m

  1. gas (state of matter, petroleum)
  2. petrol
  3. poison gas

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French gars, nominative singular form of garçon.

Noun[edit]

gas m (plural gas)

  1. chap

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia la

gas n (genitive gasis); third declension

  1. (physics) gas (state of matter)

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative gas gasēs
genitive gasis gasum
dative gasī gasibus
accusative gasem gasēs
ablative gase gasibus
vocative gas gasēs

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

gas

  1. rafsi of ganse.

Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gans, whence also Old English gōs, Old Frisian gōs, Old High German gans, Old Norse gás. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰans-.

Noun[edit]

gās f

  1. a goose

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Rohingya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Bengali.

Noun[edit]

gas

  1. tree

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gȃs m (Cyrillic spelling га̑с)

  1. (chiefly Bosnia, Serbia or colloquial) gas (state of matter)
  2. gas (as fuel for combustion engines
  3. (figuratively) acceleration
    • dȁti gȃs - “give gas”: accelerate
  4. gas pedal, accelerator

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (gaseous state of matter): plȋn (Croatian)

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch gas, coined by Belgian chemist Jan Baptist van Helmont. Perhaps inspired by Middle Dutch gheest (Modern Dutch geest) "breath, vapour, spirit", or from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos) "chasm, void".

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gas m (plural gases)

  1. gas

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gas c

  1. gas; a state of matter
  2. gas; a compound or element in such a state
  3. gas; gaseous fuels
  4. (plural only: gaser) gas; waste gas

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gas n

  1. gas