el

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Contents

English[edit]

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 El on Wikipedia

Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

el (plural els)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter L/l.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

el (plural els)

  1. (US) An elevated train, especially for specific systems such as the metro in Chicago.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille, possibly through a Vulgar Latin root *illus. Compare Daco-Romanian el.

Pronoun[edit]

el m

  1. (third-person masculine singular pronoun) he

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!

Article[edit]

el m sg (feminine la, neuter lo, masculine plural los, feminine plural les)

  1. (definite) the

Usage notes[edit]

  • The article el contracts to l’ before a word beginning with a vowel or h: l'asturianu (the Asturian), l'hermanu (the brother)
  • The article el contracts to ’l after a word that ends in a vowel, if the following word begins with a consonant.

Derived terms[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!

Contraction[edit]

el

  1. e (preposition “in”) + ul (indefinite article “a(n)”)
  2. e (preposition “in”) + al (definite article “the”)

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier lo, from Vulgar Latin illum, from Latin ille. The initial e- was inserted as an epenthetic vowel after the unstressed -o had begun to be dropped.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • es (salat) in Balearic dialects.
  • lo (colloquial) in North occidental dialects.

Article[edit]

el m (feminine la, masculine plural els, feminine plural les)

  1. the; masculine singular definite article

Usage notes[edit]

Before a word that begins with a vowel or h-, the form l' is used.

See also[edit]

  • en, masculine singular definite article for given names.

Pronoun[edit]

el (proclitic, contracted l', enclitic lo, contracted enclitic 'l)

  1. him (direct object)

Declension[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

el

  1. hand, forearm
  2. ell

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Dalmatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille, illud.

Article[edit]

el

  1. the; masculine singular definite article

Related terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia da

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse elri (alder).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el c (singular definite ellen, plural indefinite elle)

  1. alder
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Introduced in the 1940’s after Swedish el, abbreviation of elektricitet (electricity).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el c (singular definite ellen, not used in plural form)

  1. electricity
Synonyms[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el f, m (plural ellen, diminutive elletje n)

  1. (archaic) yard (unit of measurement)

Derived terms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Obscure; may be derived from Latin ex ("out of").

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

el

  1. made of
    Tio estas ĉemizo el silko
    This is a shirt made of silk.
  2. from (of)
    El kie vi venis?
    Mi venis el Nov-Jorko.
    Where did you come from?
    I came from New York.
    • 1906, Louis de Beaufront, Grammaire et exercices de la langue internationale espéranto:
      Li estas la plej riĉa homo el la mondo.
      He is the richest man in the world.
    • 1906, Louis de Beaufront, Grammaire et exercices de la langue internationale espéranto:
      Li estas la malplej riĉa el ni.
      He is the least rich of us.

Antonyms[edit]

  • al (to)

Derived terms[edit]



Galician[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille (that).

Pronoun[edit]

el m nominative and oblique (dative lle, accusative o)

  1. he (masculine singular third-person personal pronoun)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Adverb[edit]

el

  1. off
    El a kezekkel!
    Hands off!
  2. away
    Anna elment? Nem ment el.
    Has Anna left? No, she has not.

See also[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

el

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ala

Ido[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. Alternative form of elu.

Istriot[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin illum < ille.

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. he (third-person singular masculine personal pronoun)
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 128:
      Ch’in tu’l su’ fassulito el me metasse.
      That into his handkerchief he would put me.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ille.

Article[edit]

el m sg (feminine la)

  1. the

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter L.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Multiple Latin names for the letter L, l have been suggested. The most common is el or a syllabic l, although there is some evidence which also supports, as names for the letter, , ll, əl, , and even (in the fourth- or fifth-century first Antinoë papyrus, which gives Greek transliterations of the Latin names of the Roman alphabet’s letters) ιλλε (ille).

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), especially pages 30–31, 42–44, and 63

Latvian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter L/l.

See also[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *elli, from Proto-Germanic *aljaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

el

  1. other, another

Adverb[edit]

el

  1. else, otherwise

Related terms[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille.

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. he (third-person singular subject pronoun)
  2. it (third-person singular subject pronoun)

Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

el m

  1. el, the letter L

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • enl (very rare)

Contraction[edit]

el

  1. contraction of en + le (in the)
    • circa 1250, Marie de France, Equitan
      m'est une anguisse el quer ferue, ki tut le cors me fet trembler
      Such a pain has pierced my heart, that makes my whole body quiver

Old Portuguese[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. apocopic form of ele

Portuguese[edit]

Article[edit]

el m sg

  1. Only used in el-rei: the

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *illus, from Latin ille.

Pronoun[edit]

el m (third-person singular, plural ei)

  1. he

Declension[edit]

Nominative
el
Accusative
stressed unstressed
el îl
Genitive
lui
Singular Plural
m & n f m f & n
său sa săi sale
Dative
stressed unstressed
lui îi
Reflexive
Accusative Dative
stressed unstressed stressed unstressed
sine se sie or sieși își

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • ea (third-person feminine singular)
  • ei (third-person masculine plural)
  • ele (third-person feminine plural)

See also[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille.

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. he

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ille.

Article[edit]

el (plural: los; feminine: la; plural feminine: las; neuter: lo)

  1. Masculine singular definite article; the.
Usage notes[edit]
  • The prepositions de and a contract with el, unless el is part of a proper noun.
El misionario se fue a El Salvador para predicar al Salvador.
The missionary went to El Salvador to preach to the Savior.
  • The definite Spanish articles can replace posessive pronouns.
Tengo las manos sucias.
My hands are dirty.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Spanish ela, from Latin illa.

Article[edit]

el (plural: las) f

  1. Feminine singular definite article used before nouns which start with a stressed /a/:
    el alma, pl. las almas
    el hacha, pl. las hachas

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A contraction of elektricitet or elektrisk, that must have taken place between 1920 and 1975. SAOB (letter E edited in 1921) does not mention this, but does mention the prefix elektro-. Lilla Focus (1961) mentions el- as a prefix, but not as a word of its own.

The use of "el" as a stand-alone word (not just a prefix) was discussed in Teknisk Tidskrift, 15 December 1934, referring to a proposal from "Fera", Föreningen för elektricitetens rationella användning, an association of electric power grid operators.

Man framhåller nämligen med bestämdhet, att "el" ej får betraktas som förkortning utan som en beteckning för allt som har med elektricitet att göra, avsedd att brukas enbart eller i sammansättningar som prefix eller suffix och aldrig tillsammans med punkt och bindestreck. Språkligt sett, kan väl ordet närmast betraktas som en ellips
Teknisk Tidskrift, 15 December 1934

Noun[edit]

el c

  1. electricity, electric current or power; Contraction of elektricitet. or elektrisk
    • 1957, used as a prefix, §14, Lag (1957:262) om allmän energiskatt
      elektrisk kraft som förbrukas för el-, gas-, värme- eller vattenförsörjning i andra kommuner
      electric power which is used for the supply of electricity, gas, heating or water in other municipalities
    • 1975, Håkan Winberg (m), speaking in the Riksdag on May 27 (protocol, page 264)
      Vidare är den del av marknaden som har den högsta betalningsförmågan, dvs. hushållen, inriktad på användning av el.
      Also the part of the market which has the highest purchasing power, i.e. the households, is set for the use of electricity.
    • 1980, Rune Torwald (c), speaking in the Riksdag on January 11 (protocol, page 46)
      När man använder så stor andel av elen till att värma upp bostäder som ju bara utnyttjas vintertid och inte på sommaren, så får man stora säsongvariationer.
      When using so large a portion of the electricity to heat homes, something which is only used in the winter and not in the summer, one will get large seasonal variations.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Turkic élig (“hand”), from Proto-Turkic *alı-, *ạl- (to take).

Noun[edit]

el (definite accusative eli, plural eller)

  1. hand

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

el (definite accusative eli, plural eller)

  1. a foreign person

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Turkic él, from Proto-Turkic. Cognate with alan.

Noun[edit]

el (definite accusative eli, plural eller)

  1. country, homeland, province
Declension[edit]

Venetian[edit]

Article[edit]

el m sg (plural i)

  1. the

Pronoun[edit]

el

  1. he, she, it used as an obligatory clitic pronoun following a verb.
    El can el magna i òsi.
    The dog (it) eats the bones.

Volapük[edit]

Article[edit]

el

  1. the (used for all proper nouns and also foreign loanwords not yet assimilated into Volapük)
    El Karl binom ziom ela Katlin.
    Karl is Katlin's uncle.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The article el is used to modify any kind of noun (proper or foreign) which is itself indeclinable in Volapük. Then, whenever that noun needs to be declined, the article el which modifies it is declined in its stead.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]