B

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Translingual[edit]

LetterB.svg
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER B
Codepoint U+0042
A ← Basic Latin → C

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek letter Β (B, Beta).

Letter[edit]

B upper case (lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
Usage notes[edit]

The letter B (usually its lower case form b) is used in several romanization systems of non-Latin scripts to represent the bilabial plosive or stop, usually voiced (IPA(key): /b/).

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

  • (blood type):, from antigen B
  • (symbol for boron): abbreviation of boron
  • (hexadecimal 11): The eleventh item from the sequence {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, F}

Symbol[edit]

B

  1. A blood type that has a specific antigen that aggravates the immune response in people with type A antigen in their blood. They can receive blood from type B or type O, but cannot receive blood from AB or A.
  2. (chemistry) The symbol for boron.
  3. (computing) Hexadecimal symbol for 11.
  4. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for either glutamine or glutamic acid

See also[edit]

Other representations of B:


English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

The b-rune ᛒ, an older version of Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᛒ, the Old English letter replaced by Latin ‘B’

Old English letter B, from 7th century replacement by Latin B of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (B, beorc).

Letter[edit]

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the English alphabet, called bee and written in the Latin script.
    • 1945, George Orwell, Animal Farm, chapter 3
      Boxer could not get beyond the letter D. He would trace out A, B, C, D, in the dust with his great hoof []
Usage notes[edit]

In Modern English, the letter B is sometimes silent, e.g. in climb, and debt.

Apostrophes are sometimes used to form plurals of single upper case letters, especially at the start of a sentence:

A’s are difficult to achieve in this class.

Usually, though, the apostrophe is avoided when there is no risk of confusion:

She gets straight As in school.
See also[edit]

Number[edit]

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The ordinal number second, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called bee and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2[edit]

  • (cricket, balls): abbreviation of balls
  • (billion): abbreviation of billion
  • (black): abbreviation of black

Abbreviation[edit]

B

  1. (cricket) the number of balls faced by a batsman
  2. The quantity one billion (1,000,000,000), usually used to signify a sum of money
    $2.8 B — “two point eight billion dollars” (i.e., $2,800,000,000)
  3. (UK) The grade of pencil that makes darker marks than grade HB but lighter marks than grade 2B; a pencil with soft lead.
  4. (chess) Bishop

Etymology 3[edit]

  • (personality type): from contrast with the letter ‘A’ and its corresponding personality type
  • (academic grade): from the position of the letter ‘B’ in the English alphabet

Noun[edit]

B (plural Bs)

  1. A personality type of someone who is relaxed and easygoing and able to engage in leisure activities without worrying about work.
  2. An academic grade, better than a C and worse than an A
  3. Signifies a second-tier or second class of a given commodity, group, or category, as in B-movie, B-list, etc.
    The television studio revived some of it's B characters for the spinoff.
  4. Alternate or secondary part, as the back side of a phonograph record. Contrasted with A, which is the primary part.
  5. (music) The seventh note in the C major scale.
See also[edit]
Translations[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Apostrophes are sometimes used to form plurals of single upper case letters, especially at the start of a sentence:

A’s are difficult to achieve in this class.

Usually, though, the apostrophe is avoided when there is no risk of confusion:

She gets straight As in school.

Symbol[edit]

B

  1. (computing) byte
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
  • (computing): b (bit)
Translations[edit]

American Sign Language[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (thumb unopposed and flat against the radial edge of the palm, used in rapid fingerspelling of words like B-A-B-Y) FlatB

Etymology[edit]

French Sign Language letter b

From French Sign Language sign for the letter B.

Production[edit]

This one-handed ASL sign is produced as follows:

Letter[edit]

B (Stokoe B)

  1. The letter B

See also[edit]


Azeri[edit]

Letter[edit]

B upper case (lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Catalan alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

B

  1. B (the 2nd letter in the Czech alphabet)
  2. (music): B flat

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

B (capital, lowercase b)

  1. The second letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: A
  • Next letter: C

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called bo and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Letter[edit]

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Finnish alphabet, called bee and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used only in loanwords.

See also[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

B

  1. lubenter approbatur

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the German alphabet.

Noun[edit]

B n (genitive B, no plural)

  1. (music) B-flat

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

  • H (B (musical note))

German Sign Language[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to the French Sign Language sign for "B".

Production[edit]

This one-handed GSL sign is produced as follows:

  • Posture the dominant hand in the “B” shape.

Letter[edit]

B

  1. the letter B

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia it

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

B m, f (lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Italian alphabet, called bi and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

B

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The third letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [bi]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key): [b]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable final) IPA(key): [p̚]

Letter[edit]

B

  1. The second letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The letter be, the fourth letter of the Romanian alphabet.

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: Â
  • Next letter: C

Skolt Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

B (lower case b)

  1. The third letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sl

Letter[edit]

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Slovene alphabet, called b or be and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Somali[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

B upper case (lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Somali alphabet, called ba and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  1. The second letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by ' and followed by T.

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Letter[edit]

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Turkish[edit]

Letter[edit]

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Turkish alphabet, called be and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]