English [ edit ]
Alternative forms [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from dett Old French (French: dete ), from dette Medieval Latin , from dēbita Latin ( dēbitum “ what is owed, a debt, a duty ”), neuter of , perfect passive participle of dēbitus ( dēbeō “ I owe ”), contraction of ( *dehibeō “ I have from ”), from ( de “ from ”) + ( habeō “ I have ”).
The unpronounced "b" in the modern English spelling is a
Latinisation from the Latin etymon . dēbitum
Pronunciation [ edit ]
debt ( plural ) debts
An action, state of mind, or object one has an
obligation to perform for another, adopt toward another, or give to another.
1589, William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part I, act 1, sc. 3,
Revenge the jeering and disdain'd contempt
Of this proud king, who studies day and night
To answer all the
debt he owes to you Even with the bloody payment of your deaths.
1850, Nathaniel Hawthorne, , ch. 14,
The Scarlet Letter
debt of confidence, due from me to him, whose bane and ruin I have been, shall at length be paid. The state or condition of owing something to another.
I am in your debt.
Money that one person or entity owes or is required to pay to another, generally as a result of a loan or other financial transaction.
1919, Upton Sinclair, Jimmie Higgins, ch. 15,
Bolsheviki had repudiated the four-billion-dollar
debt which the government of the Tsar had contracted with the bankers.
: 2013 June 22, “ Engineers of a different kind”, , volume 407, number 8841, page 70 The Economist
Private-equity nabobs bristle at being dubbed mere financiers. Piling debt onto companies’ balance-sheets is only a small part of what leveraged buy-outs are about, they insist. Improving the workings of the businesses they take over is just as core to their calling, if not more so. Much of their pleading is public-relations bluster.
Derived terms [ edit ]
Related terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
action, state of mind, or object one has an obligation to perform for another
state or condition of owing something to another
money that one person or entity owes or is required to pay to another
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Translations to be checked
External links [ edit ]