school

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English schole (group of persons, multitude, host, school of fish), from Middle Dutch scole (Dutch school, multitude, troop of people, swarm of animals), from Old Saxon scola, skola (troop, multitude), from Proto-Germanic *skulō (crowd), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kʷel- (crowd, people). Cognate with Middle Low German schōle (multitude, troop), Old English scolu (troop or band of people, host, multitude, school of fish). More at shoal.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

school (1) of fish.

school (plural schools)

  1. A group of fish or a group of marine mammals such as porpoises, dolphins, or whales.
    The divers encountered a huge school of mackerel.
  2. A multitude.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

school (third-person singular simple present schools, present participle schooling, simple past and past participle schooled)

  1. (of fish) To form into, or travel in a school.

Etymology 2[edit]

Elementary school

From Middle English scole, from Old English scōl (place of education), from Proto-Germanic *skōla (school), from Late Latin schola, scola (learned discussion or dissertation, lecture, school), from Ancient Greek σχολεῖον (scholeion), from σχολή (scholē, spare time, leisure", later, "conversations and the knowledge gained through them during free time; the places where these conversations took place), from Proto-Indo-European *seǵhe-, *sǵhē- (to hold, have, possess). Cognate with Old Frisian skūle, schūle (Dutch school, school), Old High German scuola (German Schule, school), Old Norse skōli (Danish skole, school). Influenced in some senses by Middle English schole (group of persons, host, company), from Middle Dutch scole (multitude, troop, band). See school1. Related also to Old High German sigi (German Sieg, victory), Old English siġe, sigor (victory).

Noun[edit]

school (plural schools)

  1. (US, Canada)  An institution dedicated to teaching and learning; an educational institution.
    Our children attend a public school in our neighborhood.
    Harvard University is a famous American postsecondary school.
  2. (UK)  An educational institution providing primary and secondary education, prior to tertiary education (college or university).
    • 2013 July 19, Mark Tran, “Denied an education by war”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 1: 
      One particularly damaging, but often ignored, effect of conflict on education is the proliferation of attacks on schools [] as children, teachers or school buildings become the targets of attacks. Parents fear sending their children to school. Girls are particularly vulnerable to sexual violence.
  3. Within a larger educational institution, an organizational unit, such as a department or institute, which is dedicated to a specific subject area.
    We are enrolled in the same university, but I attend the School of Economics and my brother is in the School of Music.
  4. (considered collectively) The followers of a particular doctrine; a particular way of thinking or particular doctrine; a school of thought.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 3, The China Governess[1]:
      Here the stripped panelling was warmly gold and the pictures, mostly of the English school, were mellow and gentle in the afternoon light.
    These economists belong to the monetarist school.
    • Jeremy Taylor
      Let no man be less confident in his faith [] by reason of any difference in the several schools of Christians.
  5. The time during which classes are attended or in session in an educational institution.
    I'll see you after school.
  6. The room or hall in English universities where the examinations for degrees and honours are held.
  7. The canons, precepts, or body of opinion or practice, sanctioned by the authority of a particular class or age.
    He was a gentleman of the old school.
    • A. S. Hardy
      His face pale but striking, though not handsome after the schools.
Synonyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

school (third-person singular simple present schools, present participle schooling, simple past and past participle schooled)

  1. (transitive) To educate, teach, or train (often, but not necessarily, in a school.)
    Many future prime ministers were schooled in Eton.
  2. (transitive) To defeat emphatically, to teach an opponent a harsh lesson.
    • 1998, Leigh Jones, "National bar exam methods win in ADA regulation test," The Journal Record, April 13,
      A blind law graduate who put the National Conference of Bar Examiners to the test got schooled in federal court.
    • 2006, Steve Smith, Forever Red: Confessions Of A Cornhusker Football Fan, page 67:
      Two weeks later, the Cornhuskers put on their road whites again and promptly got schooled by miserable Iowa State in Ames. After the shocking loss []
    • 2007, Peter David and Alvin Sargent, Spider-Man 3, Simon and Schuster, ISBN 1416527214, pg. 216,
      "You again?" Sandman demanded. "I guess you didn't learn your lesson."
      "This time I'm gonna school you."
  3. (transitive) To control, or compose, one's expression.
    She took care to school her expression, not giving away any of her feelings.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

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Statistics[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

school f (plural scholen, diminutive schooltje n)

  1. school (An educational institution that focuses completely on education, and not on, say, research)
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • college "lecture for students"
  • academie "universities (universiteiten), university of applied sciences (hogescholen) and art schools (kunstacademies)"
  • universiteit "an institution of research and higher education"
  • instituut "institute, including schools and universities, but also non-educational organisations"

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch scole (multitude, troop of people, swarm of animals), from Proto-Germanic *skulō (crowd), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kʷel- (crowd, people). Cognate with Middle Low German schōle (multitude, troop), Old English scolu (troop or band of people, host, multitude, school of fish).

Noun[edit]

school f (plural scholen, diminutive schooltje n)

  1. a group of fish

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

school

  1. singular past indicative of schuilen
  2. first-person singular present indicative of scholen
  3. imperative of scholen