From French académie, from Latin acadēmīa, from Ancient Greek Ἀκαδημία (Akadēmia), a grove of trees and gymnasium outside of Athens where Plato taught; from the name of the supposed former owner of that estate, the Attic hero Akademos. Compare academe, academia, Akademeia.
academy (plural academies)
- (classical studies, usually capitalized) The garden where Plato taught. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- (classical studies, usually capitalized) Plato's philosophical system based on sketpicism; Plato's followers. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
- An institution for the study of higher learning; a college or a university; typically a private school. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
- 1760-5, Tobias Smollett, The history of England from the revolution in 1688, to the death of George II, published 1805, page 449:
- The artists of London had long maintained a private academy for improvement in the art of drawing from living figures
- 1776, David Hume, The life of David Hume:
- In this year 1633, I became acquainted with Nicholas Fiske, licentiate in physic, who was born in Suffolk, near Framingham* Castle, of very good parentage, who educated him at country schools, until he was fit for the university; but he went not to the academy, studying at home both astrology and physic, which he afterwards practised in Colchester; and there was well acquainted with Dr Gilbert, who wrote "De Magnete".
- A school or place of training in which some special art is taught. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
- the military academy at West Point; a riding academy; the Academy of Music.
- 1956, Delano Ames, chapter 9, Crime out of Mind:
- Rudolf was the bold, bad Baron of traditional melodrama. Irene was young, as pretty as a picture, fresh from a music academy in England. He was the scion of an ancient noble family; she an orphan without money or friends.
- A society of learned men united for the advancement of the arts and sciences, and literature, or some particular art or science. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
- the French Academy; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; academies of literature and philology.
- (obsolete) The knowledge disseminated in an Academy. [Attested from the early 17th century until the mid 18th century.]
- (with the, without reference to any specific academy) Academia.
- A body of established opinion in a particular field, regarded as authoritative.
Derived terms 
Related terms 
place of training, school
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Translations to be checked
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Brown, Lesley, ed. The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. 5th. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.