ſ

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See also: [U+2320 TOP HALF INTEGRAL], [U+222B INTEGRAL], ʃ [U+0283 LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH], and Appendix:Variations of "s"

Translingual[edit]

Character  ſ 
Unicode name LATIN SMALL LETTER LONG S
Unicode block Latin Extended-A
Codepoint U+017F
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Wikipedia

Proper use of the long s is demonstrated by the words Bürgerſaal and Ratsſäle on a German sign, but incorrect use can be seen in the third word, Trausaal, causing it to be parsed as ‘Trausaal’.

Letter[edit]

ſ lower case

  1. (archaic) The long s, a form of the letter ess (S).
    • Examples of use in English:
      • 1785, Vicesimus Knox, Liberal Education: Or, a Practical Treatise on the Methods of Acquiring Useful and Polite Learning, §XXXI: on the regulation of puerile diverſions, pp1 & 1–2 & 3:
        Many fanciful methods have been invented by thoſe who wiſhed to render puerile ſports conducive to improvement. I never found that they were ſucceſsful.
        I muſt own myſelf an advocate for puerile liberty*, during the alloted hours of relaxation. Boys have much reſtraint and confinement in the time of ſtudy.
        Thoſe of the effeminate kind ſuperinduce effeminacy; weakneſs of mind, no leſs than imbecility of body. Something ſimilar happens in puerile diverſions. The boy who has been kept in leading-ſtrings too long, and reſtrained from hardy ſports by the fondneſs of his mother, will ſcarcely ever become a man; or poſseſs that becoming ſpirit which can enable him to act his part with propriety.
      • 1796, John Hatsell, Precedents of Proceedings in the House of Commons: With Observations, page 102:
        75. On the 11th of May, 1759, the Lords amend a turnpike road Bill, by inſerting a clauſe, “That no gate ſhall be erected within a mile of Enſham Ferry”. The conſideration of this amendment is reſolved, nemine contradicente, to be put off for a month.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The long S was used everywhere except the end of words or after another long S, where the short S was used. In some languages, such as German, this held true for the component parts of compound words as well (thus Wachſtube for Wach + Stube, but Wachstube for Wachs + Tube).

See also[edit]


English[edit]

Letter[edit]

ſ (lower case, upper case S)

  1. (archaic) long s The nineteenth letter of the English alphabet, called long s, medial s or descending s and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

The long, medial, or descending s, as distinct from the short or terminal s. In Roman script, the long S was used everywhere except at the end of words, where the short S was used, and frequently in what is now the digraph <ss>, which was often written <ſs> rather than <ſſ>. The distinction occurred only in minuscule (lowercase); a single majuscule (uppercase) form, S, was used regardless of word-position. In Fraktur script, the long S is used at the beginning of a word as well, as long as the word is not capitalized.