Etymology 1 
From Middle English bishop, from Old English biscop (“bishop”), from Vulgar Latin *biscopus, from Latin episcopus (“overseer, supervisor”), from Ancient Greek ἐπίσκοπος (episkopos, “overseer”), from ἐπί (epi, “over”) + σκοπέω (skopeō, “I examine”). Cognate with West Frisian biskop (“bishop”), Dutch bisschop (“bishop”), German Bischof (“bishop”), Swedish biskop (“bishop”), Norwegian biskop (“bishop”), Icelandic biskup (“bishop”), Gothic (aipiskaupus, “bishop”).
Alternative forms 
- byshop (obsolete)
bishop (plural bishops)
- A high ranking official in the Catholic church who governs a diocese, or a similar official in other denominations and religions. (Occasionally abbreviated as Bp. when used as a title.)
- (chess) A piece that may be moved only diagonally.
- The bishop is confined to squares of a single color.
- (slang) penis (see bash the bishop).
- (slang) sex toy.
Related terms 
See also 
- (chess pieces) chessman, chess piece, chess piece, chesspiece; bishop, castle/rook, king, knight, pawn, queen (Category: en:Chess) 
- vicar apostolic
Etymology 2 
From the surname of the person who first practised it.
- (transitive, obsolete) To make (a horse) seem younger, by cutting its teeth short, then scooping out an oval cavity in the corner nippers and burning it black with a hot iron.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of J. H. Walsh to this entry?)
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.