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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

This character represents an elephant (see [1] for images of older versions of this character)

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
象-bw.png

(radical 152 +5, in Chinese 11 strokes, in Japanese 12 strokes, cangjie input 弓日心人 (NAPO), four-corner 27232)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1195, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36372
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1658, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3611, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8C61

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (象), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 邪 (17)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 徐兩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/zɨɐŋX/ /zi̯aŋX/ /ziaŋX/ /ziɐŋX/ /zɨaŋX/ /zĭaŋX/ /ziɑŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiàng ‹ zjangX › /*s.[d]aŋʔ/ elephant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13664 0 /*ljaŋʔ/

Noun[edit]

象 (1)
(Chinese Chess) 象 (2)

(classifier /)

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) elephant (mammal)
  2. (Chinese Chess) elephant
  3. (traditional: ) likeness, figure, image

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • The passage from the elephant meaning to the likeness meaning is explained like this in the Han Feizi (around 221 BCE): Men rarely see living elephants. As they come by the skeleton of a dead elephant, they imagine its living form according to its features. Therefore it comes to pass that whatever people use for imagining the real is called 象. [1]

Verb[edit]

  1. (traditional: ) to resemble, to be like
  2. (traditional: ) to imitate

Preposition[edit]

  1. (traditional: ) like, such as

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • Peyraube, Alain. "Ancient Chinese." The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages. Ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge UP, 2004. 1012.
  • Notes:
  1. ^ Han Feizi, book 6, text in English and in Chinese

Japanese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(counter , hiragana ぞう, katakana ゾウ, romaji )

  1. elephant

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きさ, romaji kisa)

  1. elephant
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 7 page 52)
      象 [...] 岐佐 [...] 獣名、似水牛、大耳、長鼻、眼細、牙長者也
    • 970-999: Utsubo Monogatari (Toshikage)
      それより西を行ケば、虎狼ひと山さワぐ所有り。キサ出デてその山をこしつ。

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sang, Yale sang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tượng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.