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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
似-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (person) + phonetic  – resemblance between people.

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人女戈人 (OVIO), four-corner 28200, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 97, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 485
  • Dae Jaweon: page 205, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 127, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4F3C

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (似), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 邪 (17)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 詳里切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/zɨX/ /ziX/ /ziəX/ /zɨX/ /zɨX/ /zĭəX/ /zieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ziX › /*səә.ləәʔ/ resemble

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14925 0 /*ljɯʔ/ 說文做佀金文從臺

Definitions[edit]

  1. resemble, similar to
  2. as if, seem

Adverb[edit]

  1. like, resembling
  2. used in conjunction with another adjective in a comparison that the first object/person is in a better position than the second
    点子, 一个一个. — He has so many ideas, each one better than the next.

Compounds[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

  1. as if; it seems that...

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Adverb[edit]

  1. usually used at the end of a sentence/subclause along with (de) to show an emphasis on the adjective.; just like
    什么, 根本没有说话.
    I am so indescribably livid with him - he isn't even listening to what I am saying. (literally: I am angered by him like whatever - he isn't at all listening to my speaking)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The meaning of this pronunciation is similar to . They differ only in where in a sentence they are used.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. becoming
  2. resemble
  3. counterfeit
  4. imitate
  5. suitable

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tự, tợ, tựa, từa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]