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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
然-bw.png
Stroke order
然-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (fire)

Note that the upper left component is analyzed as 肉 (meat), and in the character 肰 (used as phonetic) is drawn as 月 (moon), but in 然 this is distorted (tilted), looking more like 夕 (evening), with an extra stroke; compare , .

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 月大火 (BKF), four-corner 23333)

  1. yes, certainly
  2. pledge, promise
  3. (archaic) to agree; to endorse; to approve
  4. (archaic) but

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 675, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19149
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1086, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2213, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7136

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping jin4, Yale yin4)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

1.Suffix after nouns to express likeness 2. So, be as it is 3. However (as shikashi)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • Halpern, Jack: New Japanese-English Character Dictionary -Kenkyusha 1990

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yeon) (hangeul , revised yeon, McCune-Reischauer yŏn, Yale yen)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin rán (ran2), Wade-Giles jan2)

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Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhiên, nhen, nhơn)

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