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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
過-order.gif

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note that the box in the upper part of 咼 differs between traditional Chinese and Japanese – in traditional Chinese it is on the left, while in Japanese it is on the right.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (walk) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜月月口 (YBBR), four-corner 37302, composition)

  1. pass, pass through, go across

References[edit]


Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping gwo3, Yale gwo3)

  1. Grammatical particle used to emphasise an experienced action which has been completed and whose result no longer applies to the present situation. Similar to the English ever, e.g. have you ever been to Hong Kong?.
    香港
    nei5 jau5-mou5 heoi3-gwo3 hoeng1-gong2 aa3
    Have you ever been to Hong Kong?
    女朋友
    nei5 gin3-gwo3 ngo5 go3 neoi5-pang4-jau5 mei6 aa3
    Have you seen my girlfriend yet?
  2. Grammatical function marker used for comparison. Translates into the English word than.
    nei5 gou1 gwo3 ngo5
    You are taller than me.
    梗係
    keoi5 gang2-hai6 lek1 gwo3 ngo5 laa3
    He/she is definitely smarter than me.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwa) (hangeul , revised gwa, McCune-Reischauer kwa, Yale kwa)


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin guò (guo4), Wade-Giles kuo4)

Particle[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin guò, simplified )

  1. (Verbal suffix of past experience.)
    你去中國嗎?(Have you been to China?)

Pronoun[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin guò, simplified )

  1. (Surname.)
    我姓 (My name is Guò)

Verb[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin guò, simplified )

  1. To cross.
  2. To go over.
  3. To pass (time).
  4. To live.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quá, goá, quớ, qua, quở)