look

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See also: löök and Look

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English loken, lokien, from Old English lōcian (to see, behold, look, gaze, observe, notice, take heed, belong, pertain, regard with favor), from Proto-Germanic *lōkōną, *lōgēną (to look) (compare West Frisian loaitsje, Middle Dutch loeken), German dialectal lugen (to look out)), from Proto-Indo-European *lAg- (to look, see) (compare Welsh llygad (eye), Tocharian AB läk- (to see), Sanskrit लक्षति (lakṣati, he sees, perceives)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

look (third-person singular simple present looks, present participle looking, simple past and past participle looked)

  1. (intransitive, often with "at") To try to see, to pay attention to with one’s eyes.
    Look at my new car!
    Don’t look in the closet.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, The Celebrity:
      Then came a maid with hand-bag and shawls, and after her a tall young lady. [] She looked around expectantly, and recognizing Mrs. Cooke's maid [] Miss Thorn greeted her with a smile which greatly prepossessed us in her favor.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 10, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      He looked round the poor room, at the distempered walls, and the bad engravings in meretricious frames, the crinkly paper and wax flowers on the chiffonier; and he thought of a room like Father Bryan's, with panelling, with cut glass, with tulips in silver pots, such a room as he had hoped to have for his own.
  2. To appear, to seem.
    It looks as if it’s going to rain soon.
    • 170?, Joseph Addison, Remarks on Several Parts of Italy, &c., Dedication
      [] but should I publish any favours done me by your Lordship, I am afraid it would look more like vanity than gratitude.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 2, The China Governess[1]:
      Now that she had rested and had fed from the luncheon tray Mrs. Broome had just removed, she had reverted to her normal gaiety.  She looked cool in a grey tailored cotton dress with a terracotta scarf and shoes and her hair a black silk helmet.
    • 2012, Chelsea 6-0 Wolves [2]
      Chelsea's youngsters, who looked lively throughout, then combined for the second goal in the seventh minute. Romeu's shot was saved by Wolves goalkeeper Dorus De Vries but Piazon kept the ball alive and turned it back for an unmarked Bertrand to blast home.
  3. (copulative) To give an appearance of being.
    That painting looks nice.
  4. (intransitive, often with "for")  To search for, to try to find.
  5. To face or present a view.
    The hotel looks over the valleys of the HinduKush.
    • Bible, Ezekiel xi. 1
      the east gate [] which looketh eastward
  6. To expect or anticipate.
    I look to each hour for my lover’s arrival.
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599)
      looking each hour into death's mouth to fall
  7. (transitive) To express or manifest by a look.
    • Lord Byron (1788-1824)
      Soft eyes looked love to eyes which spake again.
    • 1843, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present, book 2, chapter 6, Monk Samson:
      Once, slipping the money clandestinely, just in the act of taking leave, he slipt it not into her hand but on the floor, and another had it; whereupon the poor Monk, coming to know it, looked mere despair for some days […]
  8. (transitive, often with "to") To make sure of, to see to.
    • 1898, Homer, Samuel Butler (translator), The Odyssey,
      "Look to it yourself, father," answered Telemachus, "for they say you are the wisest counsellor in the world, and that there is no other mortal man who can compare with you. []
  9. (dated, sometimes figuratively) To show oneself in looking.
    Look out of the window [i.e. lean out] while I speak to you.
  10. (transitive, obsolete) To look at; to turn the eyes toward.
    • 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter 1, The Purchase Price:
      Serene, smiling, enigmatic, she faced him with no fear whatever showing in her dark eyes. [] She put back a truant curl from her forehead where it had sought egress to the world, and looked him full in the face now, [] .
  11. (transitive, obsolete) To seek; to search for.
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599)
      Looking my love, I go from place to place.
  12. (transitive, obsolete) To expect.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  13. (transitive, obsolete) To influence, overawe, or subdue by looks or presence.
    to look down opposition
    • John Dryden (1631-1700)
      A spirit fit to start into an empire, / And look the world to law.

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

look (plural looks)

  1. The action of looking, an attempt to see.
    Let’s have a look under the hood of the car.
  2. (often plural) Physical appearance, visual impression.
    She got her mother’s looks.
    I don’t like the look of the new design.
  3. A facial expression.
    He gave me a dirty look.
    If looks could kill...

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch look, from Old Dutch *lōk, from Proto-Germanic *laukaz. Compare Low German look, Look, German Lauch, English leek, Danish løg, Swedish lök. More at leek.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

look n, m (uncountable)

  1. garlic
  2. several related herbs, like chive, garlic, shallot and leek
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

look

  1. singular past indicative of luiken

Etymology 3[edit]

From English look

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

look m (plural looks)

  1. appearance, clothing style, look

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English look

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

look m (plural looks)

  1. style; appearance; look
    Je trouve que son nouveau look ne lui va pas du tout. - I think his new look doesn't suit him at all

Derived terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English look.

Noun[edit]

look m (plural looks)

  1. (informal) Look; style, appearance.

References[edit]