air

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See also: áir and -air

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English air, eir (gas, atmosphere), from Anglo-Norman aeir, eyer, Old French aire, eir, from Latin āēr, from Ancient Greek ἀήρ (aḗr, wind, atmosphere). Displaced native Middle English luft, lift (air) (from Old English lyft (air, atmosphere)), Middle English loft (air, upper region) (from Old Norse lopt (air, sky, loft)). More at lift, loft.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

air (countable and uncountable, plural airs)

  1. (uncountable, historical, astrology, alchemy, sciences) The atmospheric substance above the surface of the earth which animals breathe, formerly considered to be a single substance, one of the four basic elements of ancient philosophy and one of the five basic elements of Eastern traditions.
  2. (uncountable, physics, meteorology) That substance, now understood as the mixture of gases comprising the earth's atmosphere.
    The karate instructor said "air is the one thing you can't go five minutes without; when you spar, you have to remember to breathe."
  3. (usually with the) The apparently open space above the ground; the mass of this substance around the earth.
    The flock of birds took to the air.
    There was a tension in the air which made me suspect an approaching storm.
  4. A breeze; a gentle wind.
  5. A feeling or sense.
    to give it an air of artistry and sophistication
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter I,
      The girl stooped to pluck a rose, and as she bent over it, her profile was clearly outlined. She held the flower to her face with a long-drawn inhalation, then went up the steps, crossed the piazza, opened the door without knocking, and entered the house with the air of one thoroughly at home.
  6. A sense of poise, graciousness, or quality.
    • 1815, Jane Austen, Emma, Volume I, Chapter 4:
      "He is very plain, undoubtedly--remarkably plain:--but that is nothing compared with his entire want of gentility. I had no right to expect much, and I did not expect much; but I had no idea that he could be so very clownish, so totally without air. I had imagined him, I confess, a degree or two nearer gentility."
  7. (usually plural) Pretension; snobbishness; pretence that one is better than others.
    putting on airs
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      He read the letter aloud. Sophia listened with the studied air of one for whom, even in these days, a title possessed some surreptitious allurement.
  8. (music) A song, especially a solo; an aria.
    • 1813, Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice, Chapter 18:
      "If I," said Mr. Collins, "were so fortunate as to be able to sing, I should have great pleasure, I am sure, in obliging the company with an air; for I consider music as a very innocent diversion, and perfectly compatible with the profession of a clergyman [] "
  9. (informal) Nothing; absence of anything.
  10. An air conditioner or the processed air it produces. Can be a mass noun or a count noun depending on context; similar to hair.
    Could you turn on the air?
    Hey, did you mean to leave the airs on all week while you were on vacation?
  11. (obsolete, chemistry) Any specific gas.
  12. (snowboarding, skateboarding, motor sports) A jump in which one becomes airborne.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Look at pages starting with air.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

air (third-person singular simple present airs, present participle airing, simple past and past participle aired)

  1. To bring (something) into contact with the air, so as to freshen or dry it.
  2. To let fresh air into a room or a building, to ventilate.
    It's getting quite stuffy in this room: let's open the windows and air it.
  3. To discuss varying viewpoints on a given topic.
    • 1917, National Geographic, v.31, March 1917:
      Thus, in spite of all opposition, the rural and urban assemblies retained the germ of local government, and in spite of the dual control, as the result of which much of their influence was nullified, they did have a certain value in airing abuses and suggesting improvements.
  4. To broadcast, as with a television show.

Translations[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

air m

  1. air

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

air m (plural airs, diminutive airtje n)

  1. air (pretension)

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin āēr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

air m (plural airs)

  1. air (gases of the atmosphere)
  2. tune, aria
  3. appearance
  4. air (pretension)

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

air

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌹𐍂

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia id

air

Etymology[edit]

From Malay air, from Proto-Malayic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *wair, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *wair, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Noun[edit]

air

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)
  2. water (mineral water)
  3. water (one of the four elements in alchemy)
  4. water (one of the five basic elements in some other theories)

Derived terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

air

  1. 3rd person singular masculine form of ar (on him, on it m)

Derived terms[edit]


Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin āēr.

Noun[edit]

air m (plural airs)

  1. air

Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ms

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *wair, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *wair, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • اءير

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

air (Jawi spelling اءير)

  1. water (liquid H2O)
    • 2012, Faridah Abdul Rashid, Research on the Early Malay Doctors : 1900-1957 : Malaya and Singapore [2]
      loji rawatan air
      water treatment plant

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Blust's Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

air

  1. on, upon
    air bàrr a' bhalla ― on top of the wall
  2. of, concerning
    iomradh air do ghliocas ― a report of thy wisdom
  3. for, on account of
    air an aobhar sin ― for that reason
  4. by
    air ainm ― by name

Usage notes[edit]

  • Air combines with personal pronouns to form prepositional pronouns. See Derived forms below. Specifically for air the third-person singular masculine pronoun is identical to the uninflected preposition, hence air = on or on him.
  • The word air and its derivates are also used in many idioms:
    De an t-ainm a tha ort? ― What's your name? (Literally: What name is on you?)
    Tha an t-acras orm. ― I'm hungry. (Literally: the hunger is on me.)

Derived terms[edit]

  • The following prepositional pronouns:
Person Number Prepositional pronoun Prepositional pronoun (emphatic)
Singular 1st orm ormsa
2nd ort ortsa
3rd m air airsan
3rd f oirre oirrese
Plural 1st oirnn oirnne
2nd oirbh oirbhse
3rd orra orrasan

Prepositional pronoun[edit]

air

  1. on him
  2. on it

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language (John Grant, Edinburgh, 1925, Complied by Malcolm MacLennan)

Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

air

  1. soft mutation of gair