sense

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See also: Sense

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English sense, from Old French sens, sen, san (sense, reason, direction); partly from Latin sensus (sensation, feeling, meaning), from sentiō (feel, perceive); partly of Germanic origin (whence also Occitan sen, Italian senno), from Old Frankish *sinn (reason, judgement, mental faculty, way, direction), from Proto-Germanic *sinnaz (mind, meaning). Both Latin and Germanic from Proto-Indo-European *sent- (to feel). Compare French assener (to thrust out), forcené (maniac). More at send.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (standard) enPR: sĕns, IPA(key): /sɛn(t)s/
  • (pen-pin merger) IPA(key): /sɪn(t)s/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛns
  • Homophone: since (some dialects)

Noun[edit]

sense (plural senses)

  1. ​ Any of the manners by which living beings perceive the physical world: for humans sight, smell, hearing, touch, taste.
    • (Can we date this quote?) William Shakespeare
      Let fancy still my sense in Lethe steep.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Milton
      What surmounts the reach / Of human sense I shall delineate.
  2. ​Perception through the intellect; apprehension; awareness.
    a sense of security
    • (Can we date this quote?) Sir Philip Sidney
      this Basilius, having the quick sense of a lover
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      high disdain from sense of injured merit
  3. ​Sound practical or moral judgment.
    It's common sense not to put metal objects in a microwave oven.
    • (Can we date this quote?) L'Estrange
      Some are so hardened in wickedness as to have no sense of the most friendly offices.
  4. ​The meaning, reason, or value of something.
    You don’t make any sense.
    the true sense of words or phrases
    • Bible, Neh. viii. 8
      So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Shakespeare
      I think 'twas in another sense.
  5. ​A natural appreciation or ability.
    A keen musical sense
  6. (pragmatics) The way that a referent is presented.
  7. (semantics) A single conventional use of a word; one of the entries for a word in a dictionary.
  8. (mathematics) One of two opposite directions in which a vector (especially of motion) may point. See also polarity.
  9. (mathematics) One of two opposite directions of rotation, clockwise versus anti-clockwise.
  10. (biochemistry) referring to the strand of a nucleic acid that directly specifies the product.

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

sense (third-person singular simple present senses, present participle sensing, simple past and past participle sensed)

  1. To use biological senses: to either smell, watch, taste, hear or feel.
  2. To instinctively be aware.
    She immediately sensed her disdain.
  3. To comprehend.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Latin sine, probably conflated with absentia. Compare French sans, Occitan sens, Italian senza.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

sense

  1. without

Antonyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Participle[edit]

sēnse

  1. vocative masculine singular of sēnsus