barrel

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Barrels (1)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English barrell, from Anglo-Norman baril, Old French baril, bareil (barrel), of uncertain origin. An attempt to link baril to Old French barre (bar, bolt) (compare Medieval Latin barra (bar, rod)) via assumed Vulgar Latin *barrīculum meets the phonological requirement, but fails to connect the word semantically. The alternate connection to Frankish *baril, *beril or Gothic 𐌱𐌴𐍂𐌹𐌻𐍃 (bērils, container for transport), from Proto-Germanic *barilaz (barrel, jug, container), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-, *bʰrē- (to carry, transport), is more plausible as it connects not only the form of the word but also the sense; equivalent to bear +‎ -le. Compare also Old High German biril (jug, large pot), Luxembourgish Bärel, Bierel (jug, pot), Old Norse berill (barrel for liquids), Old English byrla (barrel of a horse, trunk, body). More at bear.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

barrel (plural barrels)

  1. (countable) A round vessel or cask, of greater length than breadth, and bulging in the middle, made of staves bound with hoops, and having flat ends or heads. Sometimes applied to a similar cylindrical container made of metal, usually called a drum.
    • 2013 August 3, “Yesterday’s fuel”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8847: 
      The dawn of the oil age was fairly recent. Although the stuff was used to waterproof boats in the Middle East 6,000 years ago, extracting it in earnest began only in 1859 after an oil strike in Pennsylvania. The first barrels of crude fetched $18 (around $450 at today’s prices).
    a cracker barrel
  2. The quantity which constitutes a full barrel. This varies for different articles and also in different places for the same article, being regulated by custom or by law. A barrel of wine is 31 ½ gallons; a barrel of flour is 196 pounds; of beer 31 gallons; of ale 32 gallons; of crude oil 42 gallons.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, volume 4, page 205:
      Again, by 28 Hen. VIII, cap. 14, it is re-enacted that the tun of wine should contain 252 gallons, a butt of Malmsey 126 gallons, a pipe 126 gallons, a tercian or puncheon 84 gallons, a hogshead 63 gallons, a tierce 41 gallons, a barrel 31.5 gallons, a rundlet 18.5 gallons.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, volume 4, page 205:
      23 Hen. VIII, cap. 4... The barrel of beer is to hold 36 gallons, the kilderkin 18 gallons the firkin 9. But the barrel, kilderkin, and firkin of ale are to contain 32, 16, and 8 gallons.
  3. A solid drum, or a hollow cylinder or case;
    the barrel of a windlass;  the barrel of a watch, within which the spring is coiled.
  4. A metallic tube, as of a gun, from which a projectile is discharged.
  5. (archaic) A tube.
  6. (zoology) The hollow basal part of a feather.
  7. (music) The part of a clarinet which connects the mouthpiece and upper joint, and looks rather like a barrel (1).
  8. (surfing) A wave that breaks with a hollow compartment.
  9. (US, specifically New England) A waste receptacle.
    Throw it away in the trash barrel.
  10. The ribs and belly of a horse or pony.
  11. (obsolete) A jar.
    • Bible, 1 Kings 17:12, King James Version:
      And she said, As the Lord thy God liveth, I have not a cake, but an handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse: []
      compare the New International Version:
      "As surely as the LORD your God lives," she replied, "I don't have any bread--only a handful of flour in a jar and a little olive oil in a jug. []
  12. (biology) Any of the dark-staining regions in the somatosensory cortex of rodents, etc., where somatosensory inputs from the contralateral side of the body come in from the thalamus.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

barrel (third-person singular simple present barrels, present participle barrelling or barreling, simple past and past participle barrelled or barreled)

  1. (transitive) To put or to pack in a barrel or barrels.
  2. (intransitive) To move quickly or in an uncontrolled manner.
    He came barrelling around the corner and I almost hit him.
    • 2012 July 30, John Branch, “Snow Fall : The Avalanche at Tunnel Creek”, New York Time:
      Snow shattered and spilled down the slope. Within seconds, the avalanche was the size of more than a thousand cars barreling down the mountain and weighed millions of pounds.