gun

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See also: Gun, gün, Gün, gūn, gǔn, and gùn

English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

Middle English Lady Gunilda which was a huge crossbow that used powerful shot. It later became used for firearms like cannons and muskets. The Germanic woman’s name “Gundahild” , cognate to modern Scandinavian Gunhild, means “war" + "battle maid”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gun (plural guns)

  1. A device for projecting a hard object very forcefully; a firearm or cannon.
    Guns were considered improvements of crossbows and catapults.
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, chapter 1, The Amateur Poacher:
      They burned the old gun that used to stand in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect.
    1. A very portable, short firearm, for hand use, which fires bullets or projectiles, such as a handgun, revolver, pistol, or Derringer.
    2. A less portable, long firearm, bullet or projectile firing; a rifle, either manual, automatic or semi-automatic; a flintlock, musket or shotgun.
    3. (military) A cannon with relatively long barrel, operating with relatively low angle of fire, and having a high muzzle velocity.[1]
    4. (military) A cannon with a 6-inch/155mm minimum nominal bore diameter and tube length 30 calibers or more. See also: howitzer; mortar.[1]
  2. A device operated by a trigger and acting in a manner similar to a firearm.
    There are some guns that are not designed for killing.
    1. Any implement designed to fire a projectile from a tube.
      air-pressure pellet gunair rifleBB gunzipgunnail gun;  a potato gun
    2. A device or tool that projects a substance.
      a squirt gun;  a spray gun;  a grease gun
    3. A device or tool that applies something rather than projecting it.
      a rivet gun; a screw gun;  a price-label gun
  3. (surfing) A long surfboard designed for surfing big waves (not the same as a longboard, a gun has a pointed nose and is generally a little narrower).
    • 2000, Drew Kampion, surfline.com
      by the winter of 1962, the Brewer Surfboards Hawaii gun was the most in-demand big-wave equipment on the North Shore.
  4. (cellular automata) A pattern that "fires" out other patterns.
    • 2000, Gary William Flake, The computational beauty of nature
      The glider gun on the bottom of the NOT circuit emits a continuous stream of gliders, while the data stream source emits a glider only when there is a value of 1 in the stream []
    • 2010, Andrew Adamatzky, Game of Life Cellular Automata (page 74)
      Greene's period-416 2c/5 spaceship gun
  5. (colloquial) A man who carries or uses a rifle, shotgun or handgun.
  6. (colloquial, usually plural) The biceps.
  7. (nautical, in the plural) Violent blasts of wind.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

gun (third-person singular simple present guns, present participle gunning, simple past and past participle gunned)

  1. (with “down”) To shoot someone or something, usually with a firearm.
    He gunned down the hitmen.
    The CEO gunned down that idea before we could present it to the board.
  2. To speed something up.
    He gunned the engine.
  3. To offer vigorous support to a person or cause.
    He’s gunning for you.
  4. To seek to attack someone; to take aim at someone.
    He's been gunning for you ever since you embarrassed him at the party.
  5. To practice fowling or hunting small game; chiefly in participial form: to go gunning.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From gunna, from gonna, from going to

Verb[edit]

gun

  1. (eye dialect, nonstandard) A verb used to express future action.
    I'm gun go get da gun from da closet.

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 JP 1-02. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms, 8 November 2010 (As Amended Through 15 March 2012). Page 142. (Searchable online version)

Cornish[edit]

Noun[edit]

gun f (plural gonyow)

  1. plain

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gun

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gunnen
  2. imperative of gunnen

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gun

  1. rōmaji reading of ぐん

Kurdish[edit]

Noun[edit]

gun ? m

  1. testicle, ball, bollock, egg, nut, orchis, testis

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

gun

  1. rafsi of gunka.

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gun

  1. Nonstandard spelling of gūn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of gǔn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of gùn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Manx[edit]

Noun[edit]

gun m (genitive gunney, plural gunnaghyn)

  1. Alternative form of gunn.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish co.

Alternative forms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

gun

  1. that
    an t-amadan sin gun do thagh thu - That fool that you voted for
    am fear gum pòs aig an deireadh na mìosa - that man that will marry at the end of the month
    an taigh gu bheil aice - that house that she has

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish cen.

Preposition[edit]

gun

  1. without
    gun teagamh - without a doubt
Synonyms[edit]