mate

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See also: maté

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English, from Middle Low German mate (messmate) (replacing Middle English mette from Old English ġemetta (sharer of food, table-guest)), derived from Proto-Germanic *gamatjô, itself from Proto-Germanic *ga- (together) (related to German and Dutch ge-) + Proto-Germanic *matjô (from Proto-Germanic *matiz (food)), related to Old English mete (food)). More at co-, meat.

Noun[edit]

mate (plural mates)

  1. A fellow, comrade, colleague, partner or someone with whom something is shared, e.g. shipmate, classmate.
  2. (especially of a non-human animal) A breeding partner.
  3. (colloquial, UK, Australia, New Zealand) A friend, usually of the same sex.
    I'm going to the pub with a few mates.
    He's my best mate.
  4. (colloquial, UK, Australia, New Zealand) a colloquial "sir"; an informal and friendly term of address to a stranger, usually male
    Excuse me, mate, have you got the time?
  5. (nautical) In naval ranks, a non-commissioned officer or his subordinate (e.g. Boatswain's Mate, Gunner's Mate, Sailmaker's Mate, etc).
  6. (nautical) A ship's officer, subordinate to the master on a commercial ship.
  7. (nautical) A first mate.
  8. A technical assistant in certain trades (e.g. gasfitter's mate, plumber's mate); sometimes an apprentice.
  9. The other member of a matched pair of objects.
    I found one of the socks I wanted to wear, but I couldn't find its mate.
  10. A suitable companion; a match; an equal.
    • Milton
      Ye knew me once no mate / For you; there sitting where you durst not soar.
Synonyms[edit]
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Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

mate (third-person singular simple present mates, present participle mating, simple past and past participle mated)

  1. (intransitive) To match, fit together without space between.
    The pieces of the puzzle mate perfectly.
  2. (intransitive) To copulate.
  3. (intransitive) To pair in order to raise offspring
  4. (transitive) To arrange in matched pairs.
  5. (transitive) To introduce (animals) together for the purpose of breeding.
  6. (transitive) To marry; to match (a person).
    • Shakespeare
      If she be mated with an equal husband.
  7. (transitive) To match oneself against; to oppose as equal; to compete with.
    • Francis Bacon
      There is no passion in the mind of man so weak but it mates and masters the fear of death.
    • Shakespeare
      I, [] in the way of loyalty and truth, [] / Dare mate a sounder man than Surrey can be.
  8. (transitive) To fit (objects) together without space between.
  9. (transitive, aeronautics, space) To move (a space shuttle orbiter) onto the back of an aircraft that can carry it.
Synonyms[edit]
The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the template {{sense|"gloss"}}, substituting a short version of the definition for "gloss".
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English verb maten, Middle French mater, from Old French noun mat (checkmate), from Persian شاه مات (šâh mât).

Noun[edit]

mate (plural mates)

  1. (chess) Short for checkmate.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

mate (third-person singular simple present mates, present participle mating, simple past and past participle mated)

  1. (intransitive) To win a game of chess by putting the opponent in checkmate
  2. To confuse; to confound.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See maté

Noun[edit]

mate (plural mates)

  1. Alternative spelling of maté, an aromatic tea-like drink prepared from the holly yerba maté (Ilex paraguariensis).
  2. The abovementioned plant; the leaves and shoots used for the tea

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

mate

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of matar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of matar

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A more archaic form of maat (measure), in petrified use in various contexts and expressions. From Middle Dutch mate, from Old Dutch *māta, from Proto-Germanic *mētō.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ma‧te

Noun[edit]

mate f (plural maten, diminutive maatje n)

  1. A measure, degree: quantity or intensity of something abstract

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

mate

  1. (archaic) singular past subjunctive of meten

Fijian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic (compare Hawaiian make, Maori mate, Rapa Nui mate, Tahitian mate), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(m-)atay (compare Cebuano matay, Chamorro matai, Ilocano matay, Indonesian mati, Javanese mati, Kapampangan mate, mete, Malagasy maty, Malay mati, Palauan mad, Tagalog matay), from Proto-Austronesian *(m-)aCay.

Adjective[edit]

mate

  1. dead (no longer alive)

Noun[edit]

mate

  1. death

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mate

  1. feminine form of mat

Verb[edit]

mate

  1. first-person singular present indicative of mater
  2. third-person singular present indicative of mater
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of mater
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of mater
  5. second-person singular imperative of mater

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

mate

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of matar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of matar

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

matē

  1. Romanization of 𐌼𐌰𐍄𐌴

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

mate

  1. rōmaji reading of まて

Maori[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mate (compare Hawaiian make, Rapa Nui mate, Tahitian mate), from Proto-Oceanic (compare Fijian mate), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(m-)atay (compare Cebuano matay, Chamorro matai, Ilocano matay, Indonesian mati, Javanese mati, Kapampangan mate, mete, Malagasy maty, Malay mati, Palauan mad, Tagalog matay), from Proto-Austronesian *(m-)aCay.

Adjective[edit]

mate

  1. dead (no longer alive)

Noun[edit]

mate

  1. death

Mapudungun[edit]

Noun[edit]

mate (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. The drink maté, prepared of yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

mate (present tense mater; past tense and past participle mata or matet)

  1. feed

Synonyms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Spanish mate, from Quechua mati.

Noun[edit]

mate m (uncountable)

  1. (South Brazil) maté (Ilex paraguariensis) (a shrub native to southern South America)
  2. (South Brazil) maté (a beverage prepared from the leaves of this plant)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

mate

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of matar
    É importante que eu mate seus inimigos.
    It’s important that I kill your enemies.
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of matar
    É importante que ele mate seus inimigos.
    It’s important that he kills your enemies.
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of matar
    Você aí, mate seus inimigos sozinho.
    You there, kill your enemies by yourself.
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of matar
    Você aí, não mate seus inimigos sozinho.
    You there, don’t kill your enemies by yourself.

Rapa Nui[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mate (compare Hawaiian make, Maori mate, Tahitian mate), from Proto-Oceanic (compare Fijian mate), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(m-)atay (compare Cebuano matay, Chamorro matai, Ilocano matay, Indonesian mati, Javanese mati, Kapampangan mate, mete, Malagasy maty, Malay mati, Palauan mad, Tagalog matay), from Proto-Austronesian *(m-)aCay.

Adjective[edit]

mate

  1. dead (no longer alive)

Verb[edit]

mate

  1. to die

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Adjective[edit]

mate m, f (plural mates)

  1. matte (not reflective of light)
  2. (South America) tan, tanned (skin colour)

Noun[edit]

mate m (plural mates)

  1. (chess) mate, checkmate
  2. The drink maté prepared of yerba maté (Ilex paraguariensis).
  3. A hollow calabash gourd, in which the maté is traditionally served.
  4. (colloquial) maths, mathematics (short for matemática or matemáticas)
  5. (colloquial, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay) A head.
  6. (colloquial, El Salvador) A hand gesture.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

mate

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of matar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of matar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of matar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of matar.

Swahili[edit]

Noun[edit]

mate (ma class, plural only)

  1. saliva (liquid secreted into the mouth)

Tahitian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mate (compare Hawaiian make, Maori mate), Rapa Nui mate, from Proto-Oceanic (compare Fijian mate), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(m-)atay (compare Cebuano matay, Chamorro matai, Ilocano matay, Indonesian mati, Javanese mati, Kapampangan mate, mete, Malagasy maty, Malay mati, Palauan mad, Tagalog matay), from Proto-Austronesian *(m-)aCay.

Adjective[edit]

mate

  1. dead (no longer alive)

Verb[edit]

mate

  1. to die

Tongan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Polynesian *mate.

Noun[edit]

mate

  1. death
  2. the dead

Adjective[edit]

mate

  1. dead