朋友

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (朋友, reconstructed)
Character (朋), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 登
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 步崩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bəŋ/ /bʱəŋ/ /bəŋ/ /bəŋ/ /bəŋ/ /bəŋ/ /bəŋ/
Character (友), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 云久切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨuX/ /i̯ə̯uX/ /ɣiuX/ /ɦiuX/ /ɦuwX/ /ɣĭəuX/ /ɣiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (朋友, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
péng ‹ bong › /*[b]ˤəәŋ/ set of cowries; friend
yǒu ‹ hjuwX › /*[ɢ]ʷəәʔ/ friend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9663 0 /*bɯːŋ/
15596 0 /*ɢʷɯʔ/

Noun[edit]

朋友 (classifier , )

  1. friend

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (朋友):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほう
Jinmeiyō
ゆう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

朋友 (hiragana ほうゆう, romaji hōyū)

  1. friend

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]