世界

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Cantonese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Noun[edit]

世界 (traditional and simplified, Jyutping sai3 gaai3, Yale sai3 gaai3)

  1. world

Japanese[edit]

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
かい
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

世界 (hiragana せかい, romaji sekai)

  1. the world, the Earth
    世界 (せかい)各国 (かっこく)から
    sekai no kakkoku kara
    from all the countries of the world
  2. A metaphorical world, how one lives one's life.
     (かれ)はこの世界 (せかい) ()んでいないようです。
    Kare wa kono sekai ni sunde inai yō desu.
    It's like he's not living in this world.
  3. A realm, a circle, a sphere.
    文学 (ぶんがく)世界 (せかい)
    bungaku no sekai
    literary circles, the literary world
  4. (tarot): The world card: the twenty-first trump or major arcana card in most traditional tarot decks.

Idioms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

世界 (segye, McCune-Reischauer: segye, Yale: sekyey) (hangeul 세계)

  1. Hanja form? of 세계, “world”.

Synonyms[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From  ("era, generation, time (temporal)") +  ("boundary, zone, area (spatial)"). Coined around the Tang Dynasty to render the Buddhist Sanskrit term लोकधातु (lokadhātu, region or part of the world). Using this word to render the European concept of "world" was due to influence by Japanese during the Meiji era.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin shìjiè  →  shìjie (toneless final syllable variant)
Zhuyin ㄕˋ ㄐㄧㄝˋ  →  ㄕˋ ㄐㄧㄝ˙ (toneless final syllable variant)
IPA (key) /ʂʐ̩⁵¹⁻⁵³ t͡ɕi̯ɛ⁵¹/  →  /ʂʐ̩⁵¹ d͡ʑ̥i̯ɛ¹/
Audio
(file)

Noun[edit]

世界 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin shìjiè)

  1. world

Derived terms[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

世界 (traditional and simplified, POJ sè-kài)

  1. world

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

世界

  1. Hán form of thế giới, "world"