English [ edit ]
on Life Wikiversity. Wikiversity
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , lif , from lyf Old English ( līf “ life, existence; life-time ”), from Proto-Germanic ( *lībą “ life, body ”), from Proto-Germanic ( *lībaną “ to remain, stay, be left ”), from Proto-Indo-European , *leyp- ( *lip- “ to stick, glue ”). Cognate with Scots , life ( leif “ life ”), North Frisian ( liff “ life, limb, person, livelihood ”), West Frisian ( liif “ belly, abdomen ”), Dutch ( lijf “ body ”), Low German ( lif “ body; life, life-force; waist ”), German ( Leib “ body ”), Swedish ( liv “ life; waist ”), Icelandic ( líf “ life ”). Related to . belive
Pronunciation [ edit ]
life ( usually , uncountable plural ) lives
state that follows birth, and precedes death; the state of being alive and living.
Having experienced both, the vampire decided that he preferred (un)death to life. He gave up on life.
: 2013 June 1, “Towards the end of poverty”, , volume 407, number 8838, The Economist page 11
But poverty’s scourge is fiercest below $1.25 (the average of the 15 poorest countries’ own poverty lines, measured in 2005 dollars and adjusted for differences in purchasing power): people below that level live lives that are poor, nasty, brutish and short.
Many lives were lost during the war.
: 2014 June 14, “ It's a gas”, , volume 411, number 8891 The Economist
One of the hidden glories of Victorian engineering is proper drains. Isolating a city’s effluent and shipping it away in underground sewers has probably saved more lives than any medical procedure except vaccination.
( biology ) A status possessed by any of a number of entities, including animals, plants, fungi, bacteria, and sometimes viruses, which have the properties of replication and metabolism.
( heading ) A period of time.
period during which one (a person, an animal, a plant, a star) is alive.
1908, W. B. M. Ferguson, , chapterIV:
“My Continental prominence is improving,” I commented dryly. ¶ Von Lindowe cut at a furze bush with his silver-mounted rattan. ¶ “Quite so,” he said as dryly, his hand at his mustache. “I may say if your intentions were known your
life would not be worth a curse.”
1916, Ezra Meeker, The Busy Life of Eighty-Five Years of Ezra Meeker The span of time during which an object operates.
This light bulb is designed to have a life of 2,000 hours. The period of time during which an object is recognizable.
The life of this milk carton may be thousands of years in this landfill.
( colloquial ) A life sentence; a term of imprisonment of a convict until his or her death.
( heading ) Personal existence.
( philosophy ) The essence of the manifestation and the foundation of the being.
1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, , Ch.VI:
The Land That Time Forgot
[… ] I realize as never before how cheap and valueless a thing is life. Life seems a joke, a cruel, grim joke. You are a laughable incident or a terrifying one as you happen to be less powerful or more powerful than some other form of life which crosses your path; but as a rule you are of no moment whatsoever to anything but yourself. You are a comic little figure, hopping from the cradle to the grave. Yes, that is our trouble—we take ourselves too seriously; but Caprona should be a sure cure for that." She paused and laughed.
( phenomenology ) The subjective and inner manifestation of the individual.
: 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, The Celebrity
The stories did not seem to me to touch life. They were plainly intended to have a bracing moral effect, and perhaps had this result for the people at whom they were aimed. They left me with the impression of a well-delivered stereopticon lecture, with characters about as life-like as the shadows on the screen, and whisking on and off, at the mercy of the operator. The world in general;
Man's life on this planet has been marked by continual conflict. A
He gets up early in the morning, works all day long — even on weekends — and hardly sees his family. That's no life! His life was ruined by drugs. Animation; spirit; vivacity.
lively component or participant.
1970, Mathuram Bhoothalingam, The finger on the lute: the story of Mahakavi Subramania Bharati, National Council of Educational Research and Training, p.87:
"Don't I know that it is you who is the
life of this house. Two delightful children!"
1998, Monica F. Cohen, Professional domesticity in the Victorian novel: Women, work and home, Cambridge University Press, page 32:
And he is the
life of the party at the Musgroves for precisely this reason: the navy has made him into a great storyteller. Something which is inherently part of a person's existence, such as job, family, a loved one, etc.
She's my love, my life.
( informal ) Social life.
Get a life.
1915, George A. Birmingham, , Gossamer chapterI:
It is never possible to settle down to the ordinary routine of
life at sea until the screw begins to revolve. There is an hour or two, after the passengers have embarked, which is disquieting and fussy. A
His life of the founder is finished, except for the title.
Conyers Middleton (1683-1750)
Writers of particular
lives [… ] are apt to be prejudiced in favour of their subject.
( video games ) One of the player's chances to play, lost when a mistake is made.
Scoring 1000 points is rewarded with an extra life.
Quotations [ edit ]
( philosophy essence of manifestation and foundation of being , ) : 1994: Violet Quill, Robert Ferro:
Most things in
life, including life itself, seemed to have articulated sections, discrete and separate and straightforward.
Synonyms [ edit ]
Antonyms [ edit ]
( the state that precedes death ) : death
( biology ) : coma
( philosophy ) : void
Derived terms [ edit ]
Related terms [ edit ]
Terms etymologically related to
Translations [ edit ]
The state between birth and death
( аҟазаара āq̇āzāārā) Adyghe:
( щыӏэныгъ š̍əʾănəġ), ( гъашӏэ ġāṣ̂ă) Afrikaans:
( カㇱカムイ kaskamuy) Albanian:
jetë f Amharic:
( ህይወት həyəwät) Arabic:
حياة (ar) ( f ḥáyā)
حياة ( f ḥáya) Aramaic:
ܚܝܐ ( m pl ħayē) Hebrew:
חיא ( m pl ħayē) Armenian:
( կյանք kyankʿ) Aromanian:
banã f Assamese:
( জীৱন jīran) Asturian:
vida f Azeri:
həyat (az) Bashkir:
( тормош tormoš) Basque:
жыццё ( n žyccjó), ( Taraškievica ) жыцьцё ( n žycʹcjó) Bengali:
( জীবন jibôn) Berber:
tudrt f Breton:
buhez (br) f Bulgarian:
живо́т (bg) ( m živót) Burmese:
အသက် ( (my) a.sak) Campidanese Sardinian:
vida f Catalan:
vida (ca) f Chechen:
( дахар daχar), ( са sa) Cherokee:
( ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ vlenidohv) Chinese:
生命 ( (zh) shēngmìng), 生活 ( (zh) shēnghuó) Min Nan:
性命 ( (zh-min-nan) sèⁿ-miā, sìⁿ-miā), 生活 ( (zh-min-nan) seⁿ-o̍ah, seng-o̍ah) Chuvash:
( пурнӑҫ purnăś) Czech:
život (cs) m Dalmatian:
vaita f Danish:
liv (da) n Dhivehi:
( ޙަޔާތު ḥayātu) Dutch:
leven (nl) , n aanzijn (nl) n Eastern Mari:
( илыш ilyš) Egyptian:
vivo (eo) Estonian:
elu (et) Ewe:
agbe n Faroese:
lív n Finnish:
elämä (fi) Franco-Provençal:
via f French:
vie (fr) f Friulian:
vite f Galician:
vida (gl) f Georgian:
( სიცოცხლე sic’oc’xle), ( ცხოვრება c’xovreba) German:
Leben (de) n Greek:
ζωή (el) ( f zoí)
ζωή ( f zōḗ), βίος ( m bíos) Greenlandic:
( જીવન jīvan) Hawaiian:
חיים (he) ( m pl khayím) Hindi:
ज़िंदगी ( f zindagī), जीवन (hi) ( m jīvan), हयात ( f hayāt), जी ( m jī), प्राण ( f prāṇ) Hopi:
élet (hu) Icelandic:
líf (is) n Ido:
vivo (io) Indonesian:
hidup (id) Ingrian:
vita (ia) Irish:
saol m Istriot:
veîta f Italian:
vita (it) f Japanese:
命 ( (ja) いのち, inochi), 人生 ( (ja) じんせい, jinsei), 生存 ( (ja) せいぞん, seizon) Kannada:
ಜೀವನ ( (kn) jīvana), ಪ್ರಾಣ ( (kn) prāṇa) Kashubian:
żëcé n Kazakh:
өмір ( (kk) ömir), ( тұрмыс turmıs) Khmer:
ជីវិត ( (km) jīweut) Korean:
생명 ( (ko) saengmyeong) ( 生命 ), (ko) 삶 ( (ko) sam), 생활 ( (ko) saenghwal) Kurdish:
jiyan (ku) , f ژیان (ku) Kyrgyz:
өмүр ( (ky) ömür), турмуш ( (ky) turmuş) Ladin:
ຊີວິດ ( (lo) sī wit) Latgalian:
dzeive f Latin:
vīta (la) f Latvian:
gyvenimas (lt) Logudorese Sardinian:
bida f Macedonian:
живот ( m život) Malay:
, hidup , kehidupan , nyawa hayat Malayalam:
ജീവിതം ( (ml) jīvitaṃ) Maltese:
bea f Maori:
, koiora ora Marathi:
( जीवन jīvan) Mirandese:
bida f Moksha:
( эряф erjaf) Mongolian:
( амь amʹ), ( амьдрал amʹdral) Nahuatl:
, yōliztli yolistli Neapolitan:
vita f Nepali:
( चिठी ciṭhī) Norwegian:
liv (no) n Nynorsk:
liv n Occitan:
vida (oc) f Okinawan:
( いぬち ʔinuci) Old Church Slavonic:
животъ ( m životŭ), жизнь ( f žiznĭ) Old English:
( цард card) Pashto:
ژوند ( (ps) žwand) Persian:
زندگی ( (fa) zendegi), زنده ( (fa) zenda(e)) Polish:
życie (pl) n Portuguese:
vida (pt) f Punjabi:
( ਜੀਵਨ jīvan) Quechua:
kawsay (qu) Romani:
trajo , m zhuvipe m Romanian:
viață (ro) f Russian:
жизнь (ru) ( f žiznʹ), житие́ (ru) ( f žitijé) ( archaic, poetic , ) живо́т (ru) ( m živót) ( archaic, poetic, now means "belly" ) Rusyn:
жыво́т ( m žŷvót) Sanskrit:
( जीवन jīvana), जीवित ( n jīvitá) Santali:
( ᱪᱳᱞᱚ cola) Sardinian:
bida , f vida f Scottish Gaelic:
beatha , f saoghal m Serbo-Croatian:
живот m Roman:
život (sh) m Sicilian:
vita (scn) f Sindhi:
( چِٺيِ čiṫhī), ( خَطُ xaṭu) Sinhalese:
( ජීවිතය jīvitaya) Slovak:
život m Slovene:
življenje (sl) n Sorbian:
žywjenje n Upper Sorbian:
žiwjenje n Spanish:
vida (es) f Sumerian:
( 𒍣 ZI) Svan:
( ლიდრე lidre) Swahili:
uhai , (sw) maisha (sw) Swedish:
liv (sv) Tajik:
ҳаёт ( (tg) hayot) Tamil:
உயிர் ( (ta) uyir), வாழ்க்கை ( (ta) vāḻkkai) Tatar:
тереклек ( (tt) tereklek), тормыш ( (tt) tormış) Telugu:
జీవితము ( (te) jīvitamu), ప్రాణము ( (te) prāṇamu) Thai:
ชีวิต ( (th) cheewít) Tibetan:
( ཚེ། tshe) Turkish:
yaşam , (tr) hayat , (tr) ömür , (tr) dirim (tr) Turkmen:
життя́ (uk) ( n žyttjá) Urdu:
زندگی (ur) ( f zindagī), جیون ( m jīvan), حیات (ur) ( f hayāt) Uyghur:
( ھايات hayat) Uzbek:
hayot (uz) Venetian:
đời sống (vi) Votic:
veye (wa) f Welsh:
bywyd (cy) West Frisian:
לעבן ( n lebn) Zulu:
please add this translation if you can
the essence of the manifestation and the foundation of the being
the subjective and inner manifestation of the individual
The world in general, existence
something inherently part of a person's existence
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
(please verify) حياة (ar) ( f ħayā) Afrikaans:
(please verify) lewe Bulgarian:
(please verify) живот ( (bg) život) Basque:
, (please verify) bizi , (please verify) bizitza (eu) (please verify) existentzia Guaraní:
(please verify) tekove Ido:
(please verify) vivo (io) Indonesian:
, (please verify) hidup (id) (please verify) kehidupan (id) Interlingua:
(please verify) vita (ia) Latin:
(please verify) vita (la) f Lingala:
(please verify) bomɔi Lithuanian:
( 1,2 ) , (please verify) gyvybė (lt) f ( 4, 5 ) (please verify) gyvenimas (lt) m Maori:
, (please verify) ora , (please verify) koiora , (please verify) wairua ora (please verify) tauoranga Persian:
(please verify) زِندِگی ( (fa) zendegi) Slovak:
( 1-5 ) , (please verify) život m ( 6 ) (please verify) doživotie n Tupinambá:
(please verify) tekobé Turkish:
, (please verify) yaşam (tr) (please verify) hayat (tr) Welsh:
(please verify) bywyd (cy) m Estonian:
(please verify) eluks
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